World History, Period F8
29 March 2010
Paper is an extremely thin material that is mainly used for writing upon, printing upon, or maybe even for packaging. It is most commonly produced by pressing together moist fibers, typically cellulose pulp derived from wood, rags or grasses, and drying them into flexible sheets. Paper began before the printing press, although both are most typically used together, as both go hand in hand throughout history. Paper was an in extremely influential invention that would has greatly impacted the world (Gasparri 2). It was a key element to the expansion of the world as we know it today. It was invented in China during the Han Dynasty around 105 AD, by a man named Cai Lun, who was a Chinese eunuch (Fuller 2). During medieval times the ancient people of China made it out of diluted cotton and linen fiber (Fuller 1). Paper eventually travelled all across the world by the 14th century (Gasparri 2). Paper finally reached its height in 1634 because of wooden block prints, invented in also in China around 15th century (Fuller). With this new modern invention helps thoughts, ideas, and ways of thinking travel faster than ever before. The making of paper, which was a closely guarded secret of China, was integral to the spread of Islam, and later created rivalries in Europe. Paper was a valued technique and practice of the Chinese society (Fuller 2). For many people wanted to know how to produce paper (Fuller). The Chinese lost an important, the Battle of Talas, which was between the Arab Abbasid Caliphate and the Chinese Tang Dynasty fought in 751 AD (Fuller). In consequence of loosing this battle many Chinese prisoners were taken imprisoned (Fuller). Of those that were captured many knew how to produce paper. They were forced to make paper by the Middle Eastern people in a city called Samarkand, located in Uzbekistan, Central Asia (Fuller). This was the beginning of the...
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