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Panopticism

By proactix100tb Oct 16, 2014 409 Words
The chapter of Panopticism is based on the society based system of discipline and punishment. It was stated by Foucault that the idea first derived from the a plagued town and later influenced Bentham. Panopticism is a system of observation and and laws or regulations that maintain order within a designated area. The action of punishment is issued to those who break the rules. It uses a variety of staff to monitor multiple subjects within the enclosed area. The staff also sometimes provide various services to the occupants of the area in order to maintain order.

It was first applied to a plagued village in which the main objective was to quarantine the outbreak. The town was sectioned off with several authority figures which added to maintain order. The authority had rights to provide supplies and observe or register each occupant. It also gave the authority to punish those who broke the law by leaving the premises of the assigned area. The authority themselves were also given severe punishment if they abandoned their duty.

The idea influenced Bentham to create a building in which its design was similar to the idea of panopticism. The building design allowed from a single location the observation of multiple occupants. The authority figures who observe have an easier method of maintaining order due to the structure of the building. It depend on the institution that the building was used for which decided the function of the authorities and discipline. The idea of using such a structure for multiple purposes was Bentham’s idea to spread the influence of panopticism.

He later explained the idea of panopticism did not apply to institutions but to society. The system in which it effects by using discipline and punishment as the base of its structure. It was applied to government, science, education, and several other subjects within society. The idea of panopticism changed to where even in todays society. it is still used as the base of order for modern society. This is an example of how power, control, and discipline play a major role in panopticism. Power to have the authority to set laws or regulations to maintain order and punish offenders. Control to observe or command and create a system in which allows the occupants to follow orders. Discipline to maintain punishment on those who defy the natural order.

“The Ways of Reading 10th Edition An Anthology For Writers by David Bartholomae, ANthony Petrosky, Stacey Waite”.

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