Pancreatic Cancer: Symptoms and Treatment

Topics: Cancer, Pancreas, Pancreatic cancer Pages: 4 (1336 words) Published: March 7, 2009
Pancreatic Cancer Axia College (2009) Pancreatic cancer is an abnormal, uncontrolled growth of the cells in the pancreas, which is a digestive gland located behind the stomach. The pancreas is both an endocrine and exocrine gland. Cancer of the exocrine pancreas is more common than cancerof the endocrine pancreas. Pancreaticcancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer related deaths among men and women. Pancreatic cancer remains both a challenge to diagnose and even a greater challenge to treat effectively. What is the pancreas? The pancreas is a spongy, tube-shaped organ about six inches long. The pancreas is located in the back of the abdomen, behind the stomach. The head of the pancreas is on the right side of the abdomen. The pancreas is connected to the duodenum, the upper end of the small intestine. The narrow end of the pancreas, called the tail, extends to the left side of the body. Here they will see a picture of a pancreas in the human body. {draw:frame} National Cancer Institute. (2007). Pancreatic Cancer. Retrieved November 10, 2008, from http://www.cancer.gov. What is pancreatic cancer? Pancreatic cancer occurswhen normal cells in the pancreas stop working properly and begin to grow uncontrollably. The types of pancreatic cancer are Ductal Adenocarcinomas and Endocrine (islet cell) tumors. The Ductal Adenocarcinomas usually begins in the ducts of the pancreas but sometimes start in the cells that produce the pancreatic enzymes (acinar cell carcinomas). Adenocarcinomas account for 75%of all pancreatic cancers. They often spread (metastasize) to the liver or lymph nodes (National Cancer Institute 2007). An endocrine (islet cell) tumor is a growth that affects the parts of the body that secret hormone. Because an endocrine tumor arises from cells that produce hormones, the tumor itself can produce hormones and cause serious illnesses. The two types of pancreatic tumors are benign tumor and malignant tumors. Benign tumors are not cancer. They do...

References: Dunphy, EP. (2008, October 12). Pancreatic cancer. A review and update. Clinical journal of oncology nursing, p 735-41. Retrieved December 2, 2008 from EBSCOhost database. Ershler, William. (2007, December 29). Diagnosing early pancreatic cancer. Internal medicine, vol. 29 Issue 24, p 189-90. Retrieved November 13, 2008, from EBSCOhost database. Medicine Net. (2007). Pancreatic cancer. Retrieved November 10, 2008, from http://www.medicinenet.com/pancreatic_cancer National Cancer Institute. (2007). Pancreatic cancer. Retrieved November 12, 2008, from http://www.cancer.gov Pancreatic Cancer. (2008). In Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved November 22, 2008, from Encyclopedia Britannica Online: http://www.search.eb.com.ezproxy.apollolibrary.com/eb/article-214138 WebMD. (2007). Pancreatic Cancer. Retrieved November 28, 2008, from http://www.webmd.com
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