Palestinian National Movement

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Palestinian National Movement

The Palestinian National Movement began in the late 1900s and their goal was to guide the Palestinian people towards their interpretations of the Qur’an. This movement has been manufactured into the Palestinian Authority, Hamas and Islamic Jihad Movement. The Palestinian Authority (PA) was sanctioned in 1993 under the Oslo Accords that acted as a medium between the PLO (Palestinian Liberation Organization) and the government of Israel ("Palestinian National Authority."). Hamas (Arab for enthusiasm) was formed in 1987 and governs the Gaza Strip located on the East coast of Israel ("Hamas Fact Sheet."). Islamic Jihad Movement was founded in the 1970s and has been considered to be a terrorist organization by many core countries like the United States, Canada, United Kingdom and more ("Islam 101 by Gregory M. Davis."). Each of these three movements claim to represent the unified will of the umma (Arab for nation or community) however, each has developed self-serving interpretations of the Quran, which has impacted its approach to the Arab-Israeli conflict. The Palestinian Authority (PA) is the largest formation of three Palestinian national movements and was founded by Yasser Arafat in 1993. As of July 2012 they have over two million followers and are led by president, Mahmoud Abbas, and prime minister, Salam Fayyad ("IMEU: Links: 3.2 - What Is the "Palestinian Authority"?"). The ideologies of the Palestinian authority are more modern because they are willing to compromise with Israel, in comparison to Hamas and Islamic Jihad. Arafat’s initial political ideologies on the topic of Israel were considered very radical and he was thought to be a terrorist to many allies of Israel. However, as time went on Yasser Arafat’s beliefs became more submissive which resulted in, him and others, receiving the Nobel Peace Prize with Israeli leaders, Yitzhak Rabin and Shimon Peres, in 1994. After Arafat’s

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