The Divergence Between the Paleolithic Age and the Neolithic Revolution Marina Lundstrom
History 114 – Western Civilization & The World I
Due: September 25, 2014
In c. 2,500,000 the earliest prehistoric period in human history known as the Paleolithic Age began. This period consisted of three epochs, Lower, Middle, and Upper Paleolithic that were divided in terms of the fluctuation of climate temperatures. The Neolithic Revolution followed shortly after the last ice age, and at the end of the Upper Paleolithic, around 10,000 B.C.E. Similar to the Paleolithic Age, the Neolithic Revolution is divided into three periods by pottery phases; Pre-Pottery Neolithic A (PPNA), Pre-Pottery Neolithic B (PPNB), and Pottery Neolithic (PN). Both terms “Paleolithic” and “Neolithic” were derived from Greek, which translate to “Old Stone Age” and “New Stone Age,” respectively. These derivations characterize the creation of primitive stone tools from the “Old Stone Age” to the advanced use of them in the “New Stone Age”. Although the handling of these tools was vital in the daily lives of these ancient people, the development of them was not the chief difference between both periods. The primary changes were focused on the evolution of these ancient peoples’ nutrition, living situations, occupations, and gender roles. The average society, or band of Paleolithic hominoids depended on searching for sustenance on foot. Hunting animals such as bears, rabbits, and deer was a necessity to obtain meat and animal hide to make clothing. Without the use of primitive technology, it would have been difficult for these humans to survive. Knapped stone weapons were a crucial part of hunting wild animals and more spherical, rough textured lumps of stone “may have served as crude missiles of self-defense hurled against predators…”1 A selection of stone tools, depicted in a photograph taken by J. Oster in Secrets of the Ice Age: The World of the Cave Artists, used during the Middle to...
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