Paleolithic vs. Neolithic

Topics: Neolithic, Stone Age, Paleolithic Pages: 3 (1650 words) Published: October 30, 2014

The Divergence Between the Paleolithic Age and the Neolithic Revolution Marina Lundstrom
History 114 – Western Civilization & The World I
Due: September 25, 2014
In c. 2,500,000 the earliest prehistoric period in human history known as the Paleolithic Age began. This period consisted of three epochs, Lower, Middle, and Upper Paleolithic that were divided in terms of the fluctuation of climate temperatures. The Neolithic Revolution followed shortly after the last ice age, and at the end of the Upper Paleolithic, around 10,000 B.C.E. Similar to the Paleolithic Age, the Neolithic Revolution is divided into three periods by pottery phases; Pre-Pottery Neolithic A (PPNA), Pre-Pottery Neolithic B (PPNB), and Pottery Neolithic (PN). Both terms “Paleolithic” and “Neolithic” were derived from Greek, which translate to “Old Stone Age” and “New Stone Age,” respectively. These derivations characterize the creation of primitive stone tools from the “Old Stone Age” to the advanced use of them in the “New Stone Age”. Although the handling of these tools was vital in the daily lives of these ancient people, the development of them was not the chief difference between both periods. The primary changes were focused on the evolution of these ancient peoples’ nutrition, living situations, occupations, and gender roles. The average society, or band of Paleolithic hominoids depended on searching for sustenance on foot. Hunting animals such as bears, rabbits, and deer was a necessity to obtain meat and animal hide to make clothing. Without the use of primitive technology, it would have been difficult for these humans to survive. Knapped stone weapons were a crucial part of hunting wild animals and more spherical, rough textured lumps of stone “may have served as crude missiles of self-defense hurled against predators…”1 A selection of stone tools, depicted in a photograph taken by J. Oster in Secrets of the Ice Age: The World of the Cave Artists, used during the Middle to...

Bibliography: Hadingham, Evan. Secrets of the Ice Age: The World of the Cave Artists. New York: Walker and Company, 1979.
Miller, Barbara D. Sex and Gender Hierarchies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.
Nelson, Sarah M. Handbook of Gender in Archaeology. Lanham: AltaMira Press, 2006.
Robinson, Charles Alexander, Jr. Ancient History: From Prehistoric Times to the Death of Justinian. New York: Macmillan, 1951.
Simmons, Alan H. The Neolithic Revolution in the Near East: Transforming the Human Landscape. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 2007.
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Neolithic Vs Paleolithic Essay
  • Paleolithic VS Neolithic Research Paper
  • Essay on Paleolithic vs Neolithic
  • Essay about Paleolithic vs. Neolithic
  • Paleolithic vs. Neolithic Essay
  • Paleolithic Vs Neolithic Essay
  • Essay about Paleolithic vs Neolithic Cc
  • Paleolithic and Neolithic Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free