Pakistan

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Pakistan
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about the country. For other uses, see Pakistan (disambiguation).

Islamic Republic of Pakistan
اسلامی جمہوریۂ پاكِستان (Urdu)
Islāmī Jumhūriya'eh Pākistān

Flag
Emblem

Motto: ایمان، اتحاد، نظم (Urdu)
Īmān, Ittiḥād, Naẓm
"Faith, Unity, Discipline" [1]
Anthem: Qaumī Tarāna
قومی ترانہ
"The National Anthem"

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Area controlled by Pakistan shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled territory shown in light green.
Capital
Islamabad
33°40′N 73°10′E
Largest city
Karachi
Official languages
Englisha

Urdu[2]
Regional languages
Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashto,Balochi, Saraiki, Hindko,Brahui[3][4]
Demonym
Pakistani
Government
Federal parliamentaryrepublic -
President
Mamnoon Hussain (PML-N) -
Prime Minister
Nawaz Sharif (PML-N)
Legislature
Majlis-e-Shoora -
Upper house
Senate
-
Lower house
National Assembly
Formation
-
Conception of Pakistan
29 December 1930 -
Pakistan Declaration
28 January 1933 -
Pakistan Resolution
23 March 1940 -
Independence
14 August 1947 -
Islamic Republic
23 March 1956 -
Breakup of East and West Pakistan
16 December 1971 -
Current constitution
14 August 1973
Area
-
Total
796,095 km2[a] (36th)
307,374 sq mi -
Water (%)
3.1
Population -
2012 estimate
182,490,721[6] (6th) -
Density
226.6/km2 (55th)
555/sq mi
GDP (PPP)
2012 estimate -
Total
$514.559 billion[7] (27th) -
Per capita
$2,960[7]
GDP (nominal)
2012 estimate -
Total
$230.525 billion[7] (44th) -
Per capita
$1,410 [7]
Gini (2008)
30.0[8]
medium
HDI (2012) 0.515[9] low · 146th
Currency
Pakistani rupee (₨) (PKR)
Time zone
PST (UTC+5) -
Summer (DST)
PDT (UTC+6b)
Drives on the left[10] Calling code
+92
ISO 3166 code
PK
Internet TLD
.pk
a.
See also Pakistani English.
b.
Not always observed; see Daylight saving time in Pakistan.

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