Examples of Modified Auditors’ Reports on Financial Statements Prepared in Accordance with the SME-FRS based on HKSA 701 “Modifications to the Independent Auditor’s Report”
Matters that do affect the auditor’s opinion
Example 1 – Qualified opinion – disagreement with management Example 2 – Qualified opinion – limitation on the auditor’s work Example 3 – Disclaimer of opinion – limitation on the auditor’s work Example 4 – Adverse opinion – disagreement with management
Example 1 – Qualified opinion – disagreement with management
INDEPENDENT AUDITOR’S REPORT
TO THE SHAREHOLDERS OF SME LIMITED
(incorporated in [country or place] with limited liability) 1
Report on the Financial Statements
We have audited the financial statements of SME Limited (the “Company”) set out on pages ........ to ........, which comprise the balance sheet as at 31 December 200X, and the income statement for the year then ended, and a summary of significant accounting policies and other explanatory notes. Directors’ responsibility for the financial statements
The directors are responsible for the preparation and presentation of these financial statements in accordance with Small and Medium-sized Entity Financial Reporting Standard (SME-FRS) issued by the Hong Kong Institute of Certified Public Accountants. This responsibility includes designing, implementing and maintaining internal control relevant to the preparation and presentation of financial statements that are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error; selecting and applying appropriate accounting policies; and making accounting estimates that are reasonable in the circumstances.
[In addition, section 141D of the Hong Kong Companies Ordinance requires that the balance sheet together with the notes thereon should be prepared in accordance with the requirements of the Eleventh Schedule to that Ordinance.] 2
Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audit 3 . We conducted our audit in accordance with Hong Kong Standards on Auditing and with reference to PN 900 (Revised) “Audit of Financial Statements Prepared in Accordance with the Small and Mediumsized Entity Financial Reporting Standard” issued by the Hong Kong Institute of Certified Public Accountants. Those standards require that we comply with ethical requirements and plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance as to whether the financial statements are free from material misstatement.
An audit involves performing procedures to obtain audit evidence about the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. The procedures selected depend on the auditor’s judgment, including the assessment of the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to fraud or error. In making those risk assessments, the auditor considers internal control relevant to the entity’s preparation and presentation of the financial statements in order to design audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the entity’s internal control. An audit also includes evaluating the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonableness of accounting estimates made by the directors, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our audit opinion.
1 In Hong Kong, it is a common practice to disclose the place of incorporation of the company. 2 This additional wording is required for companies incorporated in Hong Kong applying section 141D of the Hong Kong
3 Auditors may consider it appropriate to clarify to whom they are responsible here or elsewhere in the report in accordance
with their risk management policies and with reference to Professional Risk Management...
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