Topics: Orchidaceae, Bee Orchid, Ophrys Pages: 7 (1953 words) Published: December 10, 2012
Pool assignment
Problem analysis
Near the harbor of Vlissingen in the ‘kenniswerfgebied’ a project “Companies/Schoolterrain ‘Kenniswerf-oost’” is being realized. This area is a breeding and living ground of the Natterjack toad. Furthermore the Ophrys apifera (bee orchids) and Dactylorhiza praetermissa (Southern Marsh Orchid) grow here. Both orchids are protected indigenous plant species according to the Flora and Fauna law. The Natterjack toad is a protected indigenous animal species according to the same law as well as the EU-habitat guideline, animal and plants species. On the ground of this law it is forbidden to damage, destroy, remove or disturb the nests, burrows or other breeding sites or resting or fixed habitats. It is also not allowed to pick, gather, cut, destroy or damage the orchids. To allow the construction of this ‘kenniswerf’ a few measures has to carried out. Therefor a program of requirements has to be made which has to be used. In this program of requirements has to contain;

- external concerned parties
- legal requirements
- environmental requirements/abiotic requirements type(s)/ecology type(s) - structural requirements
- social requirements
Additionally a number of drawings has to be added; Top-view and transverse and longitudinal cross-sections. Stakeholders
The Kenniswerf is a project initiated by the municipality of Vlissingen, HZ University of Applied Sciences and the ROC Vlissingen in order to combine education and the business. By creating the Kenniswerf, knowledge, facilities and services are combined and helping each other. The main role of the municipality is to stimulate the project and to create preconditions. The province of Zeeland wants to stimulate the economy by helping this initiative (Kenniswerf, 2012). DOK41, Stichting ZigZag and Smart Services Boulevard want to stimulate the business in the Kenniswerf and creating opportunities for young starters. The stakeholders which have to most influence on this project would be the Municipality of Vlissingen and the Province of Zeeland (Kenniswerf). Stakeholders| Influence/power|

Municipality of Vlissingen| HighLow|
Province of Zeeland| |
DOK41Stichting ZigZagSmart Services Boulevard| |
HZ University of Applied SciencesROC Vlissingen| |
Environmental laws
All the protected species in the area (nattejack toad, bee orchid and marsh orchid) are not endangered. The European guidelines do not apply for these species; however the Flora- and Fauna law does apply for all these species. The following articles from the Flora- and Fauna law apply concerning the target species; Article 2, Article 8 to 13 and Article 75 (See Appendix.. for a detailed explanation of the articles). In order to start the construction at the Kenniswerf, no exemption is needed, for there is no violation of the prohibition of the Flora- and Fauna law. Environmental demands

Natterjack toad (Bufo calamita)
General description
The natterjack toad is a species which can reach sized of up to 7 centimeters. Distinctive for this species is the yellow stripe which runs down its back, but this feature is not always present. Another feature which is very distinctive is that the iris of the natterjack toad is green to lemon yellow. The natterjack is mostly active during dusk and at night. At day time the natterjack hides in burrows, which either are old mice burrows, or burrows which the toad digs itself. The natterjack is considered a pioneering species, commonly found on terrains which are influenced and disturbed by man. Breeding for the natterjack toad takes place from April till September. The natterjack toad goes into hibernation from October/November until March. Food sources

The main food source for the natterjack toad consists out of flies, other insects, ants, spiders and other kinds of invertebrates (Dienst regelingen Ministerie van Economische Zaken, 2011). The larvae of Bufo calamita mainly feed on organic material, algae and parts...
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