Pablo Picasso & Marcel Duchamp
Pablo Picasso is one of the most influential artists of the 20th century. He was born in Spain but worked mainly in France, where he became the most well-known artist of his time. Picasso’s massive output of paintings, sculptures, drawings, prints and ceramics was inspired by many different sources. In the early 1900s, Picasso developed a movement that signified him, it was known as “cubism”. This movement marked the beginning of modernism. Marcel Duchamp has been known for his rebellious ideas and actions in the 20th century. He was born in France but moved to the USA, and became a US citizen in 1955. His works were known as “Ready-mades”. Duchamp’s ready-mades changed what art meant. He bought elements that would never have been regarded as art. Some people saw it as less art and more “putting together”. This movement was called “Dadaism”. This essay will discuss two artworks; “The Weeping Woman” - by Pablo Picasso, and, “The Shovel” – by Marcel Duchamp. “The Weeping Woman” is a famous work by Pablo Picasso and holds a lot of meaning. Picasso painted this work in 1937 after a town of Guernica was bombed. The artwork holds a lot of symbolic meaning and was inspired by the events of that point in time – the Spanish Civil War. The artwork focuses on the main victims of the attack – the women. The artwork is full of emotions and grief which is expressed through the use of thick lines and different colours. The work is basically the face of a crying woman. The woman was said to be Dora Maar, whom Picasso described as "always weeping". She was his close agent when he was most involved with politics. The focus of the structure is the rough area of hard blue and white forms around the mouth and teeth, clamped violently on a handkerchief; the flesh seems to have been peeled away by acidic tears to reveal hard white bone and the handkerchief she stuffs in her mouth is like a shard of glass. Her eyes are expressed as black holes. As...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document