University of the Philippines-Manila
School of Health Sciences
Department of Medicine
PABASA SA NUTRISYON: IT’S EFFECT ON THE LEVEL OF KNOWLEDGE OF MOTHERS & NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF 0-6 YEARS OLD CHILDREN
A Research Paper
Presented to the Faculty of the Department of Medicine
University of the Philippines Manila, School of Health Sciences Palo, Leyte
In Partial Fulfillment
of the Requirements for the Degree
Doctor of Medicine
Felicilda, Maybelle S.
Paganpan, Mary Michelle R.
Venus, Merry Chris C.
Yanto, Ramon G.
Nutrition is recognized as a basic human right, vital to the survival, growth and development of children according to the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF). Despite this pronouncement, however, malnutrition continues to claim millions of lives, with more than 5.5 million children under-five years of age dying annually. (Devpulse, 2008). There were 925 million malnourished people in the world in 2010, an increase of 80 million since 1990, despite the fact that the world already produces enough food to feed everyone (6 billion people) and could feed the double (12 billion people).
The Philippines ranks eighth in countries who have five million or more undernourished people. There were 15.2M undernourished people in 2001–2003, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization. This represents the number of people consuming less than the minimum amount of food energy (measured in kilocalories per capita per day) necessary for the average person to stay in good health while performing light physical activity. The Province of Leyte, on the other hand, ranks fourth among the 100 nutritionally-depressed cities/municipalities for 2004, by region and the municipality of Dagami in Leyte as 259th of 1000 Nutritionally Depressed Municipality for 2004 by the National Nutrition Council.
Malnutrition is the biggest single contributor to child mortality particularly in the 1-3 year age group in developing countries including the Philippines. Very commonly, the leading causes of childhood deaths are often nutrition related. On account of the high risk of this age group, the World Health Organization has adopted the mortality rate of the 1-4 year old period, specifically the second year mortality rate as a practical index of community malnutrition. The mortality rate in children 1-4 years old per 1000 children in the Philippines is 7.6 compared to 1.0 in the USA, 0.6 in Sweden, 0.8 in England, 13.7 in Colombia and 26.9 in Guatemala(Del Mundo et al, 2005). For this reason several programs were established to combat the problems on malnutrition. This includes supplemental feeding to children who are undernourished, increased food production through backyard gardening but most widespread of all is information or educational campaign. The Nutrition Center of the Philippines believes that people can fight malnutrition through education, thus the implementation of the Project Bayang Mayaman sa Iron, Iodine at Bitamina A (BIDA). BIDA is the centerpiece of the nutrition information education program that integrates nutrition concepts in the classroom by making nutrition education part of the school curriculum and by holding nutrition special events such as quiz, poster-making, and cooking contests. It promotes nutrition education among pregnant and lactating women, mothers of preschoolers, school children and malnourished children through the Pabasa sa Nutrisyon Program. In this program, portions of the Nutri-Guide are read aloud and personal experiences are shared to elicit participation and strengthen nutrition messages. Pabasa includes fun learning activities like games, exercises, and demonstrations. Moreover, Pabasa sa Nutrisyon is an innovative approach in strengthening the implementation of the five (5) Impact Programs (Home, School and Community Food Production, Micronutrient Supplementation, Food Fortification, Nutrition Education and Food Assistance)...
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