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p1/m1 public health btec level 3

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p1/m1 public health btec level 3
What are the key aspects of public health practice in the UK?
The key aspects of health in the UK today are monitoring health status, identifying health needs, developing programmes to reduce risk/screen for disease early on, controlling disease, and promoting health, planning and evaluating health provision.
The job of the monitoring service is to make sure public sector providers are well led so that they can provide high quality care to local communities.
 They make sure essential NHS services continue if a provider gets into difficulty.
 They make sure the NHS payment system rewards quality and efficiency.
 They make sure choice and competition operate in the best interests of patients.
 They make sure public sector providers are well led so that they can provide high quality care to local communities.

Public health organizations can monitor the health status of their populations by creating a disease reporting system, community health profiles, and health surveys.
The aspect of monitoring the health status in the UK is through a survey that is carried out in certain areas of the UK. These surveys may include questions on the regional health authority, socioeconomic groups and the population density of the community. People may also answer questions on age, sex, marital status, education, employment housing residence and smoking behaviour. The results of these surveys would not only help monitor the UK’s health status but also help identify what the health needs are needed in the community.
Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection and is one of the most common throughout the UK. There is screening done to help prevent the risk or identify this infection and help it prevent it from spreading further by detecting it earlier. By detecting it earlier, it can help prevent it spreading on to sexual partners. By screening identifying the infection, it can prevent chlamydia from being mistreated and spreading further infection. With under 25’s that are sexually active, the screening programme ensures that they are informed about chlamydia and other sexually transmitted infections. That they have access to sexual health services tat can give information to help reduce infection and also that they know they should be tested every year or every time they have a new partner to prevent infection.
In some cases where chlamydia is identified through screening, then the patient would need to go on a regular course of antibiotics to treat the infection. There are 2 types of antibiotics taken for the treatment of chlamydia, azithromycin (1 dose) and doxycycline (a longer course of time, 2 everyday for a week).
The HSC public health agency helps give information on public health, how to get treatment for diseases, infections and illnesses, where you can get advice and how public health can be promoted. The health of the population in the uk is promoted in a number of ways:
 Tv advets (how alcohol affects you)
 Packaging (packet of cigarettes with pictures on the box of dangers)
 Radio advets (smoking drinking depression
 Websites (www.drinkaware.co.uk www.fluawareni.info www.cancerresearch.co.uk)
 Posters (hand hygiene posters, flu vaccine etc)

O help prevent and raise awareness of chlamydia and other sti’s, the infections are advertised and published also through those methods. Under 25’s that are sexually active are encouraged to get screened and tested every year or with every new partner. Schools also promote awareness through subjects students learn and through learning programmes introduced by the schools. They are also informed and encouraged to know that they should become familiar with going for screens and to test to conmstnatly maintain good health.
The national provision of health and social care is planned evaluated through a servey of questions which is asked to both male and females. They are asked questions on theor health, lifestyle, sexual lifestyle and exercise etc. in relation to chlamydia there are a number of questions asked, as to how many sexual partners they have had, what infections do they know as STI’s, what they know are the symptoms of these infections what are the risks.

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