An Overview of Anatomy
Laszlo Vass, Ed.D. Version 42-0001-00-01
What is the purpose of this exercise?
Are there any safety concerns associated with this exercise? If so, list what they are and what precautions should be taken.
Exercise 1: Anatomical Position
A. Explain why it is important to have a universally accepted anatomical position when studying the structure of humans.
A universally accepted anatomical position is essential. It is to ensure that anyone who is referencing a particular area on the human body will be able to identify the structure or position without difficulty. It prevents confusion, and minimizes mistakes. The terminology which includes various locations, cavities, and structures, enables those studying and referencing the human body to do so with ease. It is a language unto itself, and needs to be learned and understood fully prior to practicing in the field of medicine.
Exercise 2: Surface Anatomy
A. Review Figure 3. Complete the table by placing each letter from the figure next to its corresponding body landmark.
Figure 1: Anatomical
B. Mr. Shmelgenbelcher has had a rough day. He woke up with a pain in his cervical region. He fell off his bike and bruised his crural region. He pulled a muscle in his inguinal region and was whacked by a revolving door in his scapular region. Describe where each of these areas of the body is located on poor Mr. Shmelgenbelcher.
Cervical Region: The Neck. Crural Region: The Leg. Inguinal Region: Pelvic Area – most common for Hernias. Scapular Region: Shoulder Blade, Shoulders.
Exercise 3: Body Orientation
A. Use the directional terms to fill in the blanks.
a. The nose is medial
to the ears.
b. The elbow is medial to the shoulder and distal
to the wrist. c. The heart is anterior
to the spine. d. The stomach is inferior
to the ribs.
e. The pinky finger is lateral
to the thumb.
Muscles are attached
to the skeleton.
g. The mouth is Anterior
to the ears. h. The brain is superior
to the spinal cord.
Exercise 4: Body Planes and Sections
In the space below, draw the cut sections of your potato for each of the three body planes:
A. Which of the following organs would not be visible if you cut the body in a mid-sagittal section? Explain below.
a. The brain -
b. The stomach
c. The heart
d. The kidneys
The Mid-sagittal Plane divides the body down the center to left and right sides See my diagram above. The Kidneys.
The brain, stomach, and heart are located in the center of the body and therefore, if you Use a sagittal plane to divide the body everything will be visible, except the kidneys since they are located on the Left and right sides of the body.
Exercise 5: Body Cavities
A. What organs are found in the pelvic cavity?
Male and Female reproductive organs, bladder, kidneys, large and small intestines.
B. If the doctor presses on the right hypochondriac region, what organ is the doctor likely pressing on? It is more then one organ. Ascending colon, transverse colon, Liver, Gall Bladder, Small Intestine, right kidney, appendix as well.
C. Describe what is found in the dorsal body cavity.
The Brain and...
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