Over 40% of the earth’s tropical rainforests have been cleared since the 1940’s. Should we be concerned about the loss of the tropical rainforest biome? Why?
Before deciding if we should be concerned about the loss of the tropical rainforest biome, we should first take the time to learn and understand about the tropical rainforest biome. This is what I intend to do in this essay before deciding to be concerned about the deforestation or not. A biome is a regional ecosystem characterized by distinct types of vegetation, animals and microbes that have developed under specific soil and climatic conditions. Deforestation is the loss of forests due to the over cutting of trees. In this essay I will investigate the effects of deforestation in the tropical rainforests and the effects it has. One of the many countries in the world to be home to rainforests is Brazil and its famous Amazon rainforest. Between the stages of May 2000 and August 2006, almost 150,000 kilometres squared of forest was cleared in Brazil, an area larger than Greece. Although some deforestation occurs naturally due to forest fires, one third of Brazil’s recent deforestation is linked to ‘shifted’ and poor subsistence cultivators. More of Brazil’s deforestation is linked to the countries notorious cattle ranching. A large proportion of the Amazon rainforest was cleared to facilitate the rearing of beef for international fast food companies such as McDonalds. More of the rainforests are cleared for pastureland by commercial interests, government policies and commercial exploitation of forest resources. Brazilian beef entering Europe as processed meat imports rose from 40% to 74% between 1990 and 2001. However, deforestation in Brazil is directly linked to the economic wellbeing of the country. The decline in deforestation from 1988 to 1991 matched the economic down turn of Brazil’s economy at the time. Like everything in the world, there are two sides to every...
Bibliography: * Introduction to geography, fifth edition – The Department of Geography, University College Cork, 2010.
* Economic Development in the Tropics – B.W Hodder, 1968
* Diversity and the Rainforest – John Terborgh, 1992
* Tropical Rainforest Ecosystems, Structure and Function, edited by F.B Golley, 1983
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