Outline two perspectives of sociology with which you are familiar.In your discussion use an issue of your choice to illustrate the differences or similarities of their approach to it.
Sociology is an academic, scientific discipline which examines how the individual and society interacts. The concern of sociology is the mutual influence of the individual and society-it is about how individual shapes the society and how the society is affected by individual's wants and interests. Sociologist analyse social phenomena at different levels and from different perspectives.They take into account the micro level of analysis,focusing on interactions in every day lives,and the macro level of analysis,where the issues are concerned with a society as a whole. Different perspectives of sociology are to indicate the way people should behave and interact to maintain social order.Those perspectives conceptualize human behavior and the way society works. One of those perspectives is functionalism. It sets out to interpret society as a structure with interrelated parts. It addresses society as a whole in terms of the function of its constituent elements: norms, customs, traditions and institutions. Sociologist analyzing social behaviour, were called functionalists. They vieved society as a complex system of parts, structures and institutions that interact to perform necessary functions. They argued the society is like a perfect working organism. They believed that society is working by social cohesion, in which members of it work together to achieve their best. They belived the cohesion is achieved by solidarity. "Society undergoes structural and functional differentation, as diffrent individual activities are grouped into different institutions specialising in their perspective functions. Individuals and institutions relate to one another on the basis of complementary differences that make them mutually dependant on one another" (Rob Stones 2008, Key Sociological...
Bibliography: Ralf Dahrendorf 1959,Class and Class Conflict in Industrial Society,Routledge&Kegan Paul
Anthony Giddens and David Held 1982,Classes,Power and Conflict,Macmillan
Alex Callinicos 2007,Social Theory-a historical introduction,Polity
Pamela Abbot and Roger Sapsford 1987,Woman and social class,Tavistock Publications
Please join StudyMode to read the full document