Every Child Matters
This was the name of the green paper produced in response to the Laming inquiry into the death of Victoria Climbié in 2000. It went on to form the basis of the 2004 Children’s Act. The paper lists five outcomes which were identified in consultation with children and young people:
Being healthy: enjoying good physical and mental health and living a healthy lifestyle Staying safe: being protected from harm and neglect Enjoying and achieving: getting the most out of life and developing the skills for adulthood Making a positive contribution: being involved with the community and society and not engaging in anti-social or offending behaviour Economic well-being: not being prevented by economic disadvantage from achieving their full potential in life.
Childrens Act 1989
This is the basis of the current child protection system in England and Wales and was introduced to consolidate and clarify previous legislation. It established the principle that a child’s welfare is paramount in any decisions made about their upbringing. It states that every effort should be made to preserve a child’s home and family links and also introduced the notion of parental responsibility. It details how local authorities and courts should act in order to protect the welfare of children.
Children’s Act 2004
This act sets out the processes for integrating services to children in England and Wales, requiring local authorities and their partners to co-operate in promoting the welfare and wellbeing of children. It created the post of Children’s Commissioner for England and introduced the requirement for local authorities to have a director of children’s services.
2002 Education Act
This act requires school governing bodies, local education authorities and institutes of further education to make arrangements to