Outline Of The American Pageant Chapter 13 Apush

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Chapter 11.2 Notes

1. The Beginning of Settlement
Guiding Question: What encouraged settlers to move west to the Great Plains? * The Great Plains is a vast region of prairie roughly was of the Mississippi River and east of the Rocky Mountains. * Settlers faced many challenges with the weather * In this dry grassland, trees naturally grew only by the rivers and streams. * To get water they often had to drill wells more than 100 feet deep * Eventually this land turned into Americans wheat belt * In 1862 the government passed the Homestead Act that for a small fee people could file for a homestead and get up to 160 acres they could own after 5 years

2. The Wheat Belt
Guiding Question: What new methods and
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Farmers Fall on Hard Times * The Untied States was the leading exporter of wheat by the 1880s * There was a big drought in the 1880s and the large amount of wheat caused wheat prices to drop * Some farmers tried to borrow money from the bank, but if they failed to pay there mortgage payments they lost there land to the bank * Farmers often continued to work as tenant farmers, renting the land from its new owners * By 1900, tenants cultivated about one-third of the farms on the Plains

4. Closing the Frontier * One April 22, 1889 the government opened large territories for settlement, thousands of people raced to stake claims, This was called the Oklahoma Land Rush * Typical homesteaders raised cattle, chickens, and a few

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