Outline: Patient Safety in Hospitals
Chamberlain College of Nursing
Outline: Patient Safety and Medical Errors
General Purpose: To inform nurses and the general public about programs and policies in place to further decline the rates in medial errors and keep patients safe. Specific Purpose: To provide examples of why implementing proper procedures and having an open communication within the staff can prevent minor medical incidents and potential fatal medical accidents from happening. I. Introduction
A. Attention Getter: Present the story of Josie King, a two-year-old girl who died because of a medical error at a renowned hospital. B. Thesis Statement: Extensive research has shown that training programs for health care workers, policies and proven protocols and communication result in an overall decrease in medical error rates. Because implementation of protocols and standardized patient safety procedures have been shown to be effective, there is good reason to expect that by continuing these medical practices, the risk of unwanted medical errors and patient harm will be significantly reduced. II. Body
A. Main Point # 1: To express how medical staff and nurses in particular are the voice of concern and advocates for patients who should express open communication with both the families and doctors. 1a. Explain how break down in communication affects the quality in patient care. 2a. Describe some of the implementations hospitals have placed to break communication barrier that have proven to be successful.
III. B. Point 2:To inform about surgical errors and how they too can prevented. B1. Discuss the case of an inmate who underwent a surgery and suffered a medical error when the doctor removed the wrong kidney. B2. What is being done to further prevent surgical errors and what do studies rates show. IV. C. Point 3: Whom does medical error affect?
C1. It affects not only the patient, but also the family members. C2. It affects the medical staff involved.
C3. And affects us all a nation and as taxpayers.
V. D. Point 4: Implementation comes from programs geared towards health patient safety and quality. D1. One of the major ones is The Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations.
D2. Explain what role The Joint commission plays.
D3. Explain how this correlates directly to the decrease in rates of medical errors. VI. Summary
-Conclusion: Finalize presentation with a closing statement that summarizes the whole information on why patient safety must be implanted in hospitals, clinics and health care facilities and convey that by safeguarding ourselves we fight against the occurrence of medical errors. Also, conclude by stating how clinicians are in a key position to improve patient safety, not just through their individual patient care actions, but also by having an open line of communication and following mandated government and hospital policies.
I am still actively working on my slides but this is roughly what I am thinking I would integrate with my presentation so far.
Slide 1: Title Page, which is important to inform audience what kind of material will be covered. Slide 2: A picture of Josie King.
Slide 3: The story of Josie King who died due to medical error and my thesis. Slide 4: Information regarding why communication is vital to rendering quality patient care. Slide 5: The story of an inmate who had the incorrect cancerous kidney out during surgery. Slide 6: A visual aid with statistics showing how implementing supervision and verbal checklist pre-op and post-operation has reduced surgery related incidences Slide 7: A slide that discusses why this affects all of us as a whole. Slide 8: Agencies roles such as JACHO and policies that help ensure hospitals are running top quality care for prevention of future medical error. Slide 9: The conclusion
Slide 10: (last slide) Finish...
References: Child, A.P., & Institute of Medicine, (U.S.) (2004). Keeping Patients Safe: Transforming
the Work Environment of Nurses, Washington, D.C.: National Academic Press
Peters, G.A., & Peters, B.J., (2006) Human Error: Causes and Control; Boca Raton, FL:
Min Young, K., Seunwang, K., Young Kee, K., & Myouongson, Y.
Cunningham, T. R., & Geller, E. S. (2011). What do healthcare managers do after a
mistake? Improving responses to medical errors with organizational behavior management
Macleod, L. (2014). "Second Victim" Casualties and How Physician Leaders Can
Andel, C., Davidow, S., Hollander, M., & Moreno, D. (2012). The Economics of Health
Care Quality and Medical Errors
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