Outline for Paris Presentation

Topics: Eiffel Tower, Paris, Gustave Eiffel Pages: 5 (1437 words) Published: June 25, 2013
Eiffel Tower and Humanism
I. Introduction
A. Hook: The Eiffel tower is a beautiful structure known around the world. Located on the Champ de Mars in Paris, France, the Eiffel Tower is one of the most well-known structures in the world. Over 200 million people had visited the Eiffel Tower, since its inception.

B. Thesis: The Eiffel Tower illustrates the philosophy of Humanism. We can see this connection to humanism because of The World Expo, The usages of the tower, and the Logical design plans behind it. These aspects connect to humanism because of Logical thought and reasoning, and also Confidence in mankind and his abilities, and focusing on government and making society better.

C. Blueprints
1. World Exhibition
2. Usage in WWI
3. Stunts and Science
4. Logical Design
II. General Background
A. Dates of Construction: The construction work of Eiffel Tower started on January 26, 1887 and was completed on March 31, 1889. The tower was built in sections, the base pieces being the first. There were rods in cement in the ground to help plant the tower in place. In all there were 18,038 pieces joined by two and a half million rivets.

B. Architect: Gustav Eiffel The man behind the Eiffel Tower was Gustave Eiffel, known from his revolutionary bridge building techniques, as employed in the great viaduct at Garabit in 1884. These techniques would form the basis for the construction of the Eiffel Tower. He was also known for the construction of the Statue of Liberty's iron framework.

C. Materials used: Puddle Iron (Wrought Iron) weighs 7,300 tons. Over all (Non-Metal) 10000. Depending on the ambient temperature, the top of the tower may shift away from the sun by up to 18 cm (7.1 in) because of thermal expansion of the metal on the side facing the sun.

D. Preservation Efforts: Maintenance of the tower includes applying 50 to 60 tons of paint every seven years to protect it from rust. 4 tons of dusters & cleaning cloths, 10,000 doses of cleaning items, 400 liters of detergents and 25,000 bin bags are needed to clean Eiffel Tower III. World Exhibition (Loyrette N.P)

A. It was originally looked upon as a temporary structure, built for the 1889 World’s Fair. The World’s Fair coincided with the centenary of the French Revolution.
B. The Eiffel Tower was the entrance arch to the World’s Fair and it was one of a number of designs entered as part of a competition. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel's company won the competition and so the the Tower became known as the Eiffel Tower.

C. It was held during the year of the 100th anniversary of the storming of the Bastille, an event traditionally considered as the symbol for the beginning of the French Revolution. The fair included a reconstruction of the Bastille and its surrounding neighborhood, but with the interior courtyard covered with a blue ceiling decorated with fleur-de-lys and used as a ball room and gathering place. D. The world’s fair and the Eiffel tower show why it connects to humanism. The world’s fair was to show how great mankind and his abilities are. The Eiffel tower was created as the opener/showstopper of the fair. The Eiffel tower shows that mankind is able to achieve great things, like the tower. IV. Usage in WWI (Mills NP)

A. During World War II, the Germans hung a sign on it that read: "Deutschland Siegt Auf Allen Fronten" ("Germany is victorious on all fronts") This usage connects to humanism because the Germans were putting high emphasis and value on man B. The use in WWI Also shows how the tower connects to humanism. The fact that the Germans hung their sign on top of the tower, and the fact that people do insane stunts off of the tower shows how the tower portrays the trait that mankind is confident in his abilities. V. Science in the tower (Pereira N.P)

A. Over the years, the Eiffel Tower has been the site of numerous high-profile stunts, ceremonial events and even scientific experiments. In 1911, for...
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