University of Phoenix Material
Outline and Thesis Statement Guide
Create an outline that includes details that support your thesis. Identify at least three main points and at least two supporting details per main point.
Write all supporting details and sub details in complete sentences.
Include both in-text citations in the outline and a references page following the outline. Many of your supporting details and sub details will need in-text citations.
Outline only the body of your paper (not your introduction or conclusion).
Avoid bias and present a balanced case for your thesis—this will strengthen your writing.
Your thesis statement: Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women around the world, it can cause women to lose their breast and life.
II. First main point: Tests
Supporting details: A clinical breast exam can be an early detection in treating women with breast cancer. 1.
Sub details: A clinical breast exam is a breast exam performed by a health care professional. 2.
Sub details: It’s a basic part of women’s check-ups, starting at age 20. B.
Supporting details: A mammogram can be an early detection in treating women with breast cancer. 1.
Sub details: A mammogram is a special type of X-ray taken to look for abnormal growths or changes in breast tissue. 2.
Sub details: It’s a key tool in breast cancer detection, even though no test is perfect. III.
Second main point: Treatments
A. Supporting details: Chemotherapy is used to treat women with breast cancer. 1.
Sub details: Chemotherapy is a chemical, or group of chemicals, designed to stop the growth of cancer cells. 2.
Sub details: Chemo may be given after a mastectomy or lumpectomy in breast cancer, or it may be given as the main treatment if cancer has spread. B.
Supporting details: Radiation therapy is used to treat women with breast cancer. 1.
Sub details: The radiation stops the reproduction of cancer cells while...
References: [Include your references here]
1. American Cancer Society (2011). Breast cancer: Early detection. Available online: http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/cid/documents/webcontent/003165-pdf.pdf.
2. National Cancer Institute (2010). SEER Stat Fact Sheets: Breast from SEER Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2007. Bethesda, MD: National Cancer Institute. Available online: http://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/breast.html.
3. National Cancer Institute (2006). Probability of breast cancer in American women. National Cancer Institute Fact Sheet. Available online: http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/Detection/probability-breast-cancer.
4. Dizon DS, et al. (2009). Breast cancer. In RR Barakat et al., eds., Principles and Practice of Gynecologic Oncology, 5th ed., pp. 897-945. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
5. Wolff AC, et al. (2007). American Society of Clinical Oncology/College of American Pathologists Guideline recommendations for human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 testing in breast cancer. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 25(1): 118-145.
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