Outline and assess the Realist explanation of crime.

Topics: Criminology, Crime, Sociology Pages: 2 (1069 words) Published: November 3, 2014

Outline and assess Realist explanation of crime and deviance. (50 marks) Left Realists provides a casual explanation for crime. Left Realists look at the individual and the causes which could have led them to commit crime. Right Realism comes from a New Right perspective which looks at the causes of crime and what can be put in place to deter criminals. The term ‘crime’ means behaviour that breaks the law. For example, someone who commits a crime such as murder or rape is considered a criminal. And the term ‘deviance’ refers to behaviour that the majority see as different from the accepted norms of society. For example, wearing a bikini is suitable at the beach but, it would not be appropriate to wear it at work. Left Realists such as Jock Young direct their aims on street crime that is committed by young people in urban areas. Young uses his victim survey to suggest that working class and black people, especially elderly women, have a realistic fear of street crime as they report that they are the victims of these crimes. Left Realist theory identifies three causes of crime. The first cause they identified is ‘marginalisation’; this is when young people feel they have little or no power to change their situation so they are frustrated by the negative treatment by the police which may result in further feelings of hostility and resentment towards mainstream society. Gibbs and Merighi say that black communities are marginalised in terms of poverty, housing, education and jobs and this could lead to anger and frustration and which eventually leads to crime. This refers to the individuals who live on the outskirts of society therefore cannot take part in society. The second cause is ‘relative-deprivation’; this refers to how deprived someone feels in relation to others, or compared with their own expectations; this can lead to crime when people feel resentment that, unfairly, others are better off than them. Lea and Young state that ethnic minorities feel...
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