Outcomes of the Arab Spring

Topics: Arab League, Egypt, Arab World Pages: 11 (3994 words) Published: January 5, 2014


For centuries, Arab regimes have expropriated, abused and taken advantage of power and wealth from their people; it was only a matter of time before things turned around. The year 2010 will be remembered in history as the year that witnessed the uprising of the Arab Spring, the term "Arab Spring" denotes the Revolutions of 1848; a series of political turmoil swept through Europe in 1848. Moreover, in the aftermath of the Iraq War the term ‘Arab Spring’ was used by analysts who foresaw a major Arab movement towards democratization. The Arab world has frequently seen deaths as a result of raids, regional or civil wars, terrorist attacks, sectarian and racial violence, or foreign occupations . But in 2010, the milieu in which innocent civilians died was different. Martyrs fell as a direct product of the struggle for the right to pride, liberty, social justice, and the rejection of autocratic rule; they died in the fight for democracy and human rights. This recent struggle for freedom and dignity has been commandeered by authoritarian regimes in order to classify those resisting their authority as unpatriotic servants of “foreign” interests. (add quote)

Zine El Abidine Ben Ali,Tunisia’s president, has deceived Tunisians for more than 20 years while also proliferating resentment across social classes. Ben Ali’s flaunting of wealth compounded the anger of economically deprived areas. Tunisia, a much loved traveler destination, was in fact a mafia state, controlled by the relatives of Ben Ali’s wife’s family, who claim a share of almost every division of the economy. On December 17 2010, a young man, Mohamed Bouazizi, drenched himself with gasoline and set himself ablaze, sparking an uprising that rapidly spread to neighbouring cities. Bouazizi, a poor man struggling to provide for his family, had settled his cart infront of the governorate building and was told to move away by a policewoman, the dispute escalated and his merchandise was confiscated, sending him on a frenzied journey to recover them. Efforts to recover the goods were futile, thus leading to his painful death.. The method of his suicide and his desperation about his job struck a chord among the youth in Sidi Bouzid, where thousands of young people cannot find work. His plight brought back memories of the demonstrations in 2008 in the Gafsa region, an event that had escalated into broader protests. This time, however, there was a crucial difference: Tunisian youth joined the protests, providing the protests the mass they had lacked in the Gafsa unrest, confronting the police and, ultimately, defeating them.

What had started as a little disagreement resulted in huge changes for Tunisia. The mass protests ended in triumph for the people over one of the Arab world's most oppressive regimes. On Jan 14 2011, president Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali, who had been in authority since 1987, fled his country. Tunisia, the country that set the arab spring ablaze, took another big step from dictatorship to fully fledged democracy by democratically electing 217 member assembly and holding their first meeting. Later that year , veteran rights activist Moncef Marzouki became the country’s first democratically elected president. Following the ousting of President Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali, civil and political forces worked together to form a collective institutional structure recognized as the High Commission for the Realization of the Revolution’s Goals, which was accepted by the transitional authority. Through this authority, the political rivals and civil society drafted a conventional, roadmap for this intermediate phase and suggested proposals for fundamental legislative changes and the establishment of new institutions, which were directly accepted by the transitional authority. This pushed Tunisia forward. While political outcomes were what the people had hoped for, economical outcomes weren’t. Economic indicators indicate a decline in all parts of the economy:...
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