Savannah State University
“Social Contract Theory is the view that persons moral and/ or political obligations are dependent upon a contract or agreement amongst them to form a society in which they lived.” This means, in other words, that people’s decisions or lifestyles are based off of the governments consent in order to create a more stabled, somewhat equal, society. This also means that the government and the people did not come naturally and that it is also one of which all power and jurisdiction are the same and no one has more than another. When human beings are born, they are born into something we call “The State of Nature” and according to John Locke, the state of nature (which has a law of nature to govern it) is where man should have complete liberty to live and manage their own life as they please without the interference of others, but when you’re no longer happy with the government, man has the right to revolt or rebel. Everyone shall be treated with equal opportunity and are endowed by their creator with certain rights. These rights include life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness, but that doesn’t mean that man is free to do as they are pleased. Laws are also made by human beings, which mean that morally, there is no government. The whole concept of the Law of Nature/ State of Nature and treating others with equality is to avoid the State of War, which often occurs in the state of nature itself. John Locke’s theory influenced several different people and documents such as The Declaration of Independence. His work was put to use many years after his death by a group of men with the desire for freedom. They, with one of them being Thomas Jefferson, used Locke’s ideas to break away from the monarchy of England. The common and most famous line that was used, but rephrased in the Declaration of Independence was Locke’s “Life, Liberty and Possession”, which was slightly changed to Thomas Jefferson’s “Life, Liberty...
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