OTL 502

Topics: Reinforcement, Operant conditioning, Reward system Pages: 5 (1904 words) Published: June 1, 2014


 
 Critical Thinking Research Evaluation Table
Instructions: Complete each box below in detail; boxes expand as you type, so you are not limited to the spaces you see here. Your responses will be about the research articles/materials you select. Additionally, craft a Reference Page with a citation for each of the four research sources you find for this assignment. Ensure your Reference Page is properly formatted per CSU-Global’s APA guidelines.

Research Topic: The topic is the overall Learning Theory. The topic is not the problem to be solved; that comes later. Example: Behaviorism. The philosophy of operant conditioning has been demonstrated in many experiments using different types of species such as animals and humans. Operant conditioning refers to the process of reinforcing a response that is made in the company of a stimulus. In today’s life we are pulled and pushed by many events in our environment. We sometimes just don’t act to a stimulus, we also conduct ourselves in ways that seem designed to create or get certain environmental changes or stimuli. Most of the days in our lives seem to demonstrate this type of behavior. However this article was restricted to work with animals.

Literature Review: A written summary of books, journal articles and other published material (online or hard copy) that you have researched on this topic and description of the past and current state of literature related to the topic, problem, and purpose. Minimum number of sources: 4

Find four (4) sources that relate to your selected topic. Summarize each source below.

Cerrutti, D.T.,Staddon, J.E.R. Operant Conditioning. Annual Rev. Psychol.2003-This article examines the reversible aspects of behavior. Buskist, W., Davis, S.F., 21st Century Psychology: A Reference Handbook, 2008.-Skinner's theory of operant conditioning uses both positive and negative reinforcements. Psychologists have observed that we every action has a consequence, and if this is good, the person is more likely to do it again in the future. Gross, Richard 2001 Psychology, The Science of Mind and Behavior 4th Edition London: Vlodder and Stoughton Educational- Operant condition focused on desired behavior through reward system. Schunk, D.H., Learning Theories: An Educational Perspective. (6th ed.).Upper Saddle River,NJ: Pearson.- Early in Skinners career he became interested in education and explained how behavior can create utopian society.

 Learning theories are conceptual frameworks that describe how information is absorbed, processed, and retained during learning. Behaviorist learning theories include classical and operant conditioning. Operant learning theory is a theory developed by B.F. Skinner, positing that behaviors are learned through a process of reinforcement by rewards or punishments. In operant conditioning, behavior may result either in reinforcement, which increases the likelihood of the behavior recurring, or punishment, which decreases the likelihood of the behavior recurring. An example of operant learning theory is seen in the development of language, in which the imitation of words and sounds is reinforced with praise.

SELECT TWO OF YOUR SOURCES IN THE LITERATURE REVIEW AND COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING FOR EACH:

Source 1: Operant Conditioning
Problem or Dilemma: The problem is established with factual data and is found in the introductory portion of the research article or report. Describe the problem Source 1 addresses.

The problem involved in this article was the reversible aspects of behavior. Once the microscope was invented, microorganisms became a new field of investigation (Cerrutti, D.T.2003). In this article the focus is to recognize the current state of knowledge and to show how these principles may also apply to reinforcement schedule behavior considered as a topic in its own.

Purpose for the Research: The purpose of the study defines what the researcher wants to find out and...

References: Cerrutti, D.T.,Staddon, J.E.R. Operant Conditioning. Annual Rev. Psychol.2003
Buskist, W., Davis, S.F., 21st Century Psychology:
Gross, Richard 2001 Psychology, The Science of Mind and Behavior 4th Edition London:
Vlodder and Stoughton Educational
Schunk, D.H., Learning Theories: An Educational Perspective. (6th ed.).Upper Saddle
River,NJ: Pearson.
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