Organizational Structure

Best Essays
Organizational structure
An organizational structure consists of activities such as task allocation, coordination and supervision, which are directed towards the achievement of organizational aims.[1] It can also be considered as the viewing glass or perspective through which individuals see their organization and its environment.[2]
Many organizations have hierarchical structures, but not all.
Organizations are a variant of clustered entities.
An organization can be structured in many different ways, depending on their objectives. The structure of an organization will determine the modes in which it operates and performs.
Organizational structure allows the expressed allocation of responsibilities for different functions and processes to different entities such as the branch, department, workgroup and individual.
Organizational structure affects organizational action in two big ways. First, it provides the foundation on which standard operating procedures and routines rest. Second, it determines which individuals get to participate in which decision-making processes, and thus to what extent their views shape the organization’s actions.[2]
|Contents |
|1 Operational organizations and informal organizations |
|2 History |
|2.1 Organizational structure types |
|2.1.1 Pre-bureaucratic structures |
|2.1.2 Bureaucratic structures |
|2.1.3 Post-bureaucratic



References: 1. ^ Pugh, D. S., ed. (1990).Organization Theory: Selected Readings. Harmondsworth: Penguin. 2. ^ a b Jacobides., M. G. (2007). The inherent limits of organizational structure and the unfulfilled role of hierarchy: Lessons from a near-war. Organization Science, 18, 3, 455-477. 3. ^ Mohr, L. B. (1982). Explaining Organizational Behavior. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers. 4. ^ a b c Lim, M., G. Griffiths, and S. Sambrook. (2010). Organizational structure for the twenty-first century. Presented at the annual meeting of The Institute for Operations Research and The Management Sciences, Austin. 5. ^ Weber, M. (1948). From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology, translated, edited and with an introduction by H. H. Gerth and C. W. Mills. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul. 6. ^ Burns, T. and G. Stalker. (1961) The Management of Innovation. London: Tavistock. 7. ^ Grey C., Garsten C., 2001, Trust, Control and Post-Bureaucracy, Sage Publishing) 8 13. ^ (Starbucks.com (2008). Starbucks Coffee International. Available at: http://www.starbucks.com/aboutus/international.asp (accessed 20/10/08)) 14 15. ^ Gratton, L. (2004). The Democratic Enterprise, Financial Times Prentice Hall, pp. xii-xiv. 16. ^ Thareja P(2008), "Total Quality Organization Thru’ People,(Part 16), Each one is Capable",FOUNDRY, Vol. XX, No. 4, July/Aug 2008 17 18. ^ Gummesson, E. (2002). Total Marketing Control. Butterworth-Heinemann, p. 266. 20. ^ Amaral, L.A.N. and B. Uzzi. (2007) Complex Systems—A New Paradigm for the Integrative Study of Management, Physical, and Technological Systems. Management Science, 53, 7: 1033–1035. 21. ^ Braha, D. and Y. Bar-Yam. (2007) The Statistical Mechanics of Complex Product Development: Empirical and Analytical Results. Management Science, 53, 7: 1127–1145. 22. ^ Kogut, B., P. Urso, and G. Walker. (2007) Emergent Properties of a New Financial Market: American Venture Capital Syndication, 1960–2005. Management Science, 53, 7: 1181-1198. 23. ^ Hedberg, B., G. Dahlgren, J. Hansson, and N.-G. Olve (1999). Virtual Organizations and Beyond: Discover Imaginary Systems. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons. 24. ^ Anderson, C. (2007). The Long Tail. Random House Business Books, pp. 23, 53. 25. ^ Butler Jr., J.K. (1986). A global view of informal organization. Academy of Management Journal, 51, 3, 39-43. 26. ^ Stacey, M. (1974). The myth of community studies. C. Bell, H. Newby, (Editors), The Sociology of Community: A Selection of Readings. London, Frank Cass, 13-26.

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Organizational Structures

    • 1093 Words
    • 5 Pages

    ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE AND THEIR CULTURE |ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE | Example | Handy’s Culture Type | |1. Functional | ACK | POWER / ROLE CULTURE | |2. Product | UNILEVER | TASK CULTURE | |3. Geographic…

    • 1093 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Organizational Structure

    • 1192 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Structure Pg. 1 Running Head: ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE Organizational Structure By Marlene Seratt AIU MGT322-0702A-05 Concepts in Organizational Behavior Instructor Lionel de Souza Unit 4 Due: 05/26/2007 Structure Pg. 2 Introduction In this paper we will be talking about organizational structure and cultures, and what strategies Ken Dailey will have to consider as he starts building…

    • 1192 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Better Essays

    Organizational Structure

    • 8715 Words
    • 35 Pages

    access to The Academy of Management Review. http://www.jstor.org This content downloaded from 41.13.52.46 on Tue, 23 Jul 2013 08:32:37 AM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions Review 1980, Vol.5, No. 1,49-64 Academyof Management Structure Organization A Critical and Performance: Review1 DAN R. DALTON Indiana University WILLIAM TODOR D. The Ohio State University MICHAELJ. SPENDOLINI GORDON J. FIELDING LYMANW. PORTER University of California- Irvine We examine the literature…

    • 8715 Words
    • 35 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Better Essays

    Organizational Structure

    • 1161 Words
    • 5 Pages

    To: MG 561 Class From: Jessica Rushing Subject: “Organizational Structure” Introduction: Organizational structure provides the framework of an organization determining how roles and responsibilities are delegated throughout the different levels of the organization. It has been defined by some as the looking glass through which coworkers see their organization and its surrounding environment while others have described structure as the backbone of the organization. In this memo, I will…

    • 1161 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Best Essays

    Organizational Structure

    • 1789 Words
    • 6 Pages

    OrganizationalOrganizational structure is needed in organizations to arrange employees and their jobs in a certain category to help meet business goals and needs. Procedures are established that assign responsibilities for various functions. These decisions help determine organizational structure (Madapusi, 2008). Organizational structure allows greater effectiveness in organizations. Different types of organizations such as Baker Hughes Drilling Fluids, Atlanta Memorial Hospital, Doyenne Constructors…

    • 1789 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Best Essays
  • Good Essays

    Organizational Structure

    • 763 Words
    • 4 Pages

    ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE Organizational structure refers to the way that an organization arranges people and jobs so that its work can be performed and its goals can be met. When a work group is very small and face-to-face communication is frequent, formal structure may be unnecessary, but in a larger organization decisions have to be made about the delegation of various tasks. Thus, procedures are established that assign responsibilities for various functions. It is these decisions that determine…

    • 763 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Organizational Structure

    • 901 Words
    • 4 Pages

    {text:bookmark-start} Running head: ORGANIZATIONAL {text:bookmark-end} STRUCTURE Organizational Structure Romanoff, T. Axia College of University of Phoenix MGT 330 Management: Theory, Practice and Application Peter Espeut October 26, 2009 Organizational Structure Planning and organization are crucial for an organization to achieve maximum effectiveness and success. Microsoft Company, for instance, has an organizational structure consisting of board of directors who include…

    • 901 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Better Essays

    Organizational Structure

    • 1070 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Facebook is a social-networking site that has a strong organization structure that is appropriate for their particular product; social media. Facebook seems like a simple site that does not require a structure to operate. Facebook launched in 2004 and is currently the most popular social-networking site. People can share photos, stories, life experiences of both positive and negative. This strong organization structure has allowed Facebook to grow and continue to be strong in a competitive marketplace…

    • 1070 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Organizational Structures

    • 278 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Examples of Organizational Structures Team 6: Patrick Brennan Trenton Mak Carolyn Moore Christopher Sterbank Nicholas Warabak 1. Vertical structure by functions (Functional Structure) Organizational Name: Ultimate Technology & Services Co., Ltd. Organizational Chart: Functions: Product Operations, Design, Manufacturing List of the Functions: Purchasing/Procurement, Accounting, Estimating/Engineering, Steel Working, Store Keeping URL: http://www.uts-steel-construction.com/index…

    • 278 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Organizational Structure

    • 1245 Words
    • 4 Pages

    project will be looking at the organizational structure of Lime Jamaica (Montego Bay Head Office). Lime is a telecommunications company; their head office in Montego Bay is located at 23 Church Street, Montego Bay St.James. Lime is a public limited company. It is owned by Phil Bently. Lime specializes in phone and internet industry. Organizational structure is very important to a business because it is the framework of the business. Without an organizational structure there would be no order in the…

    • 1245 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Powerful Essays