Running Head: Organizational Structure
November 8, 2010
Robert Whipple, MBA
This paper will attempt to analyze the organizational design and structure of a community- based hospital. Is the organizational structure mechanistic or organic? Insights into how the organization attempts to reduce employees’ work-life conflict and does the organization cultivate an ethical and positive culture. First an examination of organizational structure. Organizational Structure
“An organizations structure defines how job tasks are formally divided, grouped and coordinated. There are six key elements that managers need to address when they design their organizations structure: work specialization, departmentalization, chain of command, span of control, centralization and decentralization, and formalization” (Robbins & Judge, 2009, p. 519).
Most of the six elements addressed are easily defined in the hospital setting. There are clearly defined departments that perform job duties specific to that specialization. The organization can be considered centralized, as decision making is often controlled by senior leadership. Formalization within the organization varies, some jobs have low formalization such as nursing, although an argument could be made that nursing has high formalization related to clearly defined policies governing work process but based on varying patient census, complexity of procedures performed, and patient assignment, nurses have a great deal latitude to perform their jobs. An example of a job with high formalization could be environmental services where there are clearly defined procedures for cleaning of patient rooms, operating rooms, and other
non-patient care areas. Chain of command is clearly defined by employees reporting to department managers, who report to department...
References: Mosley, C., & Matviuk, S. (2010). Impact of Leadership on Identifying Right Organizational Designs for Turbulent Times. The IUP Journal of Soft Skills, Vol. IV, Nos.1 & 2.
Robbins, S. P., & Judge, T. A. (2009). Organizational Behavior. Pearson Education, Inc.
Capstone Encyclopaedia of Business, (2003). Mechanistic organizations. Retrieved from http://www.credoreference.com/entry/capstonebus/mechanistic_organization
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