In today’s topic of organizational psychology, I’d be discussing a few things with you. First I’ll start off with defining organizational psychology, and then I’ll explain to you the role of research and statistics in organizational psychology. Last but not least I’ll describe how organizational psychology can be used in organizations. Organizational psychology is a field that utilizes scientific methodology to better understand the behavior of individuals working in organizational settings; to help organizations become more effective. Scientifically, organizational psychology is the study of individual and group behavior in formal and informal organizational settings. In organizational psychology, the study of the structure of an organization and of the ways in which the people in it interact, usually undertaken in order to improve the organization. The practice of organizational psychology consists of intervening with organizations to achieve one or more objectives: raise performance, improve processes and relationships, enhance fairness and equity, and increase subjective well-being. The essence of an organization is patterned by human behavior meaning that some structure is imposed on the behavior of individuals.
Organization psychology has two different types of organizations; formal and informal. An organization that is established as a means for achieving defined objectives has been referred to as a formal organization. Its design specifies how goals are subdivided and reflected in subdivisions of the organization. Divisions, departments, sections, positions, jobs, and tasks make up this work structure. Thus, the formal organization is expected to behave impersonally in regard to relationships with clients or with its members. According to Weber's definition, entry and subsequent advancement is by merit or seniority. Each employee receives a salary and enjoys a degree of tenure that safeguards him from the arbitrary influence of superiors or of...
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