Every company has one common goal which is to maximize its profit margins or enhance productivity regardless of the field in question. However different companies approach this objective through different ways due to their internal structure, industry, size, business environment and other variables that form its organizational culture. The study of these mannerisms from management to employees can be said to be organizational behaviour. Sheetal Narkar defines it as “The field of study which investigates the input that individuals, groups and structures have on behavior within an organization”.9 It depicts the organization as a piece of machinery that has several parts that need to work cohesively for the machine to function properly. The study of the behavioral characteristics of each part and the individual roles they play to form a distinct pattern or mode of operation is what is referred to as organizational behaviour. The online business dictionary further defines organizational behavior as, “The study of the way people interact within groups to attempt to create a more efficient business organization.” Based on these definitions I believe organizational behaviour can be said to be the total characteristics of the different segments of an organization projected towards maximizing effectiveness and productivity of the organization.
As the definitions suggest, OB deals with a vast number of subject matters, such as human conduct, dynamism, leadership, etc. Few parts of organizational behaviour include: elements, action learning, social systems, change, organization development, models, and work life. Elements of organizational behaviour, the organization's main aims are boarded on the management's aims and objectives, values, vision and goals. This ultimately motivates the company culture, which consists of both formal and informal organizations, as well as the social environment. The company culture is the determinant factor of the type of leadership,...
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