• 1. Organizational Behavior
• 2. Organizational Behavior is a field of study that investigates the impact that individuals, groups, and structure have on behavior within organization for the purpose of applying such knowledge toward improving an organization's effectiveness. Definition…
• 3. OB is a field of study… Means a distinct area of expertise with a common body of knowledge Organizational Behavior is a field of study that investigates the impact that individuals, groups, and structure have on behavior within organization for the purpose of applying such knowledge toward improving an organization's effectiveness. What does it study? It studies three determinants of behavior in organization Individuals, Groups, structure Applying such knowledge… OB applies knowledge about individuals, groups and the effect of structure on behavior in order to make organization work more effectively.
• 4. Therefore … OB is concerned with the study of what people do in an organization and how the behavior affects the performance of the organization. It is concerned with employment related situations, and emphasizes behavior as related to concerns such as jobs, work, absenteeism, employment turnover, productivity, performance and management.
• 5. Psychology – The science that seeks to measure, explain, and sometimes change the behavior of human and other animals. Sociology – The study of people in relation to their fellow human beings. Social psychology – An area with psychology that blends concepts from psychology and sociology and that focuses on the influence of people on one another. Anthropology – The of societies to learn about human beings and their activities. Political science – the study of the behaviour of individual and groups within a political environment
• 6. CONTRIBUTING DISCIPLINES TO THE FIELD OF OB
• 7. CONTRIBUTING DISCIPLINES TO THE FIELD OF OB Behavioral Science Contribution Unit of analysis Output Psychology Sociology Social psychology Anthropology Political science Learning Motivation Personality Emotions Perception Training Leadership Job satisfaction Decision making Performance appraisal Attitude Selection Work design Stress Group dynamics Work teams Communication Power Conflict Intergroup behavior Formal organisational theory Organisational technology Organisational change Organisational culture Behavioural change Attitude change Communication Group processes Group decision making Comparative values & attitudes Cross culture analysis Organisational culture &environment Conflict Intraorganisational politics Power Group Organisation system Study of O B Individual
• 8. CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR OB Responding to Globalization Managing Workforce Diversity Improving Quality and Productivity Responding to Labour Shortage Improving Customer Service Improving People Skill Empowering People Coping with Temporariness Stimulating Innovation and Change Helping Employees Balance Work/Life Conflicts Improving Ethical Behavior
• 9. VALUES… Values – Basic convictions that a specific mode of conduct or end state of existence is personally or socially preferable to an opposite or converse mode of conduct or end state of existence. Value System – A hierarchy based on ranking of an individual’s values in terms of their intensity.
• 10. TYPES OF VALUES… Value typologies can be developed in two approaches as per survey conducted by Milton Rokeach, the survey is popularly known as Rokeach Value Survey (RVS). RVS consists of two sets of values – Terminal values and Instrumental values
• 11. Terminal values – Desirable end-states of existence; the goals that a person would like to achieve during his or her lifetime. TYPES OF VALUES… Instrumental values – Preferable modes of behavior or means of achieving one’s terminal values.
• 12. Terminal and Instrumental Values in Rokeach Value Survey Terminal Values A comfortable life (a prosperous life) An exciting...
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