Organizational Behavior

Topics: Rail transport, Locomotive, Pakistan Pages: 21 (7093 words) Published: May 3, 2013
Group Member: Najma Sultan Saira Maryam Muhammad Ali Course: Section: Business Research Methodology MBA 2Nd A

Project Report: PAKISTAN RAILWAY

Submitted to: Sir Muhammad Imran

F.U.U.A.S.T.

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION: .................................................................................................................................3 PROBLEM STATEMENT: .......................................................................................................................4 RESEARCH OBJECTIVES:.......................................................................................................................4 LITERATURE REVIEW ...........................................................................................................................4 KEY VARIABLES: ..................................................................................................................................5 THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK: ............................................................................................................. 12 HYPOTHESIS: .................................................................................................................................... 13 METHODOLOGY: .............................................................................................................................. 13 DATA ANALYSIS: ............................................................................................................................... 14 FINDINGS ......................................................................................................................................... 16 COMPETITORS AND THEIR COMPETITIVE EDGE OVER PAKISTAN RAILWAYS: ........................................ 17 CONCLUSION/RECOMMENDATION.................................................................................................... 19 REFERENCES:.................................................................................................................................... 21

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INTRODUCTION:
INTRODUCTION TO PAK RAILWAYS:
The automotive transport and communication systems need continuous expansion and maintenance of the network of railways and highways as well as the rolling stock. Modernization, updating, and replacement of the fleet of vehicles together form an integral part of the development process. In case it is not so, the shortcomings are immediately reflected by the sluggishness in the pace of development and also in the visible degradation of the environment. Wars have been lost due to these shortcomings, and Pakistan has had the bitter experience of heavy losses because its fleets of vehicles were inoperative or had lost the desired mobility. In 1947, after Pakistan became an independent state, 1,947 route miles (3,133 km) of North Western Railways were transferred to Pakistan from British India. In 1954, the railway line was extended to Marian and Charsada and in 1956 the Jacobabad Cashmere 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) gauge line was converted into broad gauge. In 1961, the Pakistani portion of North Western Railways was renamed Pakistan Railways. The Kit Adu-Kashmore line was constructed between 1969 and 1973 providing an alternative route from Karachi to northern Pakistan. Pakistan Railway comprises 8,775 route km, 781 stations and 42 trains‟ halts. It has a fleet of 546 diesel electric locomotives, 25,815 wagons and 2,099 passenger coaches. Maintenance is provided by three major locomotive workshops and thirty-five smaller workshops. Signaling facilities at important stations are track circulated within interlocking limits. Most routes have VHF radio coverage for communication between train dispatchers and trains. Telephone Communication is over wire lines and microwave. Freight traffic during the past five years has averaged 5-6 million tons per annum. It was 15 million tons per annum in the 1960 but trucking has steadily taken over the freight market. The volume of...


References: Pakistan Railways Crisis Muhammad Daheem Wednesday, November 16, 2011, Pakistan Observer http://pakobserver.net/detailnews.asp?id=125216 Pakistan Railways Needs Help From the Newspaper | 17th November, 2012, S. NAYYAR IQBAL RAZA http://dawn.com/2012/11/17/pakistan-railways- needs-help/ Mushtaq Ghumman, November 10, 2012, Business Recorder http://www.brecorder.com/business-a-economy/189/1256946/ Pakistan Railways On Downward Track April 20, 2010, The Express Tribune http://tribune.com.pk/story/7859/pakistan-railways-on-downward-track/ (Japan International Cooperation Agency, Efficient Railway System) http://www.jica.go.jp/pakistan/english/index.html Pakistan Railways Operations Go Down To Minimum By Shahram Haq, Published: June 26, 2012 Published in The Express Tribune, June 26th, 2012. http://tribune.com.pk/story/399074/pakistan-railways-operations- go-down-to-minimum/ Water Problem In Pakistan And Its Solution Posted on January 25, 2012 by admin786| Leave a comment, By Naseem Sheikh http://www.pkarticleshub.com/2012/01/25/water-problem- in-pakistan-and-its-solution/ Pakistan Railways: Fares Set To Increase Up To 30% Published in The Express Tribune, January 14th, 2011. http://tribune.com.pk/story/103268/railways-fares-to- increase/ Railways Increases Fares F.U.U.A.S.T.
Mumtaz Alvi, Friday, January 14, 2011, From Print Edition, The News http://www.thenews.com.pk/Todays-News-13-3298-Railways- increases- fares Pakistan Railways http://www.pakrail.com/generalinformation.php Pakistan Railway Crisis and Its Solutions TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 2011, Umer Inam & Iqra Javed. http://chumerinam.blogspot.com/2011/02/pakistans-railway-crisis.html Pakistan Railways Hits a New Low By Sarfaraz Memon, Published: July 7, 2010 http://tribune.com.pk/story/26093/pakistan-railways- hits-a-new- low/ Pakistan Railways Suffers Losses of Rs. 52b Friday, 22 Jul 2011 http://www.pakistantoday.com.pk/2011/07/22/news/profit/pakistan-railways-suffers-losses-ofrs52b/ Pakistan Railways Cuts Service amid Financial Troubles Pakistani rail service considered for privatization By Yasir Rehman, 2011-10-26 http://centralasiaonline.com/en_GB/articles/caii/features/pakistan/main/2011/10/26/feature-01 Pakistan Railway Crisis Sets In Deep By: Monitoring Desk, Uploaded: 26th October 2011, SOURCE: BUSINESS RECORDER http://www.aaj.tv/2011/10/pakistan-railway-crisis-sets-in-deep/ Pak Business Express Slashes Fares to Stay On Track By Shahram Haq, Published: September 28, 2012, Published in The Express Tribune, September 28th, 2012. http://tribune.com.pk/story/443594/pak-business-express-slashes- fares-to-stay-on-track/ F.U.U.A.S.T.
Pakistan Railways’ Freight Trains on Verge of Derailment By Shahram Haq, Published: August 9, 2012, Published in The Express Tribune, August 9th, 2012. http://tribune.com.pk/story/419438/pakistan-railways- freight-trains-on-verge-of-derailment/ Pakistani Government Exploits Railways Crisis To Pursue Privatization By Sampath Perera, 7 November 2011 http://wsws.org/en/articles/2011/11/paki- n07.html Pakistan Railway Crisis and Its Solutions TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 2011 http://chumerinam.blogspot.com/2011/02/pakistans-railway-crisis.html
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