1. What is an organization? At what three levels is organizational behavior usually examined?More specifically, organization design is a formal, guided process for integrating the people, information and technology of an organization. It is used to match the form of the organization as closely as possible to the purpose(s) the organization seeks to achieve. Through the design process, organizations act to improve the probability that the collective efforts of members will be successful.
Typically, design is approached as an internal change under the guidance of an external facilitator. Managers and members work together to define the needs of the organization then create systems to meet those needs most effectively. The facilitator assures that a systematic process is followed and encourages creative thinking.
There are three chief levels that organizational behaviors are usally examined.These levels are: the individual, the group, and the organization in its entirety. The individual level focuses on personanity, feelings, and motivational affects on how perform on the job. Awareness and a focal point of how well they work with others is exmined and whether they like what they like the job that they have. The individual level examines the charrateristics of the individual people and how it affects their behavior within their work environment.
The group level examines the two or more people that work together how they interact with one another and they affectively complete their assigned tasks. Organizational group behavior can affect the bavavior of individual members of the organization by influenecing them to comply with the group efforts. This is by inflencing individuals' behaviors and decision making within the organization.
The organization as a whole has a defined characteristic and culture respresent the foundation of that organization.The principles and attitude of the organization influnces how people internally and externally view the organization as a whole. Also, the organization can control how people interact with one another to obtain a specific goal.
2. Select a restaurant, supermarket, church, or some other organization familiar to you. Discuss managerial functions and roles in relation to that organization.
Leading is the most critical stage of the four functions of management. This is the role that the manager must be able to motivate his or her employees. To lead is more closely related to training or counseling than to commanding. In todays business practice it is not uncommon for a manager to be called a team leader or coach instead of a manager. The managers of today are hired to motivate and coach employees in order for the company to meet the objectives and goals that are set out.
Controlling is the function that monitors progress so the manager is able to implement changes if necessary. This step ensures that all goals are being realized and met to satisfactory standards. This is an ongoing process of regulating activities to ensure that performance standards are being met. Most phases of the controlling function are performed by supervisors and lower-level management. This may include that the manager controls quality, safety, and productivity within the organizaiton.
Within the school district teachers and principals are management. The job of the teacher is to plan, organize, lead and control his or her classroom. The teacher will plan lessons that are to be taught to students. This will lead to the organization of the classroom and motivating students to do his or her best on all subjects that are taught. The principal's job is to lead his or her school to a positive outcome regarding the education of every student within the school. Principals do not always stay at the same school, but most teaching staff stay at a school for a long period of time. The principal needs to motivate his or her teaching staff to complete desired goals and objectives even after he or she is...
Cited: ennifer M. George, G. R. (2008). Understanding and Managing Organizational Behavior. In G. R. Jennifer M. George. Upper Saddle River: Pearson.
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