NAME:LETCHMANAN A/L MANIEM
Characteristics of effective teamwork Organisational structure | Individual contribution | Team processes | Clear purpose | Self knowledge | Coordination | Appropriate culture | Trust | Communication | Specified task | Commitment | Cohesion | Distinct roles | Flexibility | Decision making | Suitable leadership | | Conflict management | Relevant members | | Social relationships | Adequate resources | | Performance feedback |
Many theorists offer recommendations about the structural characteristics of teamwork, by referring to relatively stable procedures of coordination and control. Seven of the most commonly described structural characteristics include a clear purpose, appropriate culture, specified task, distinct roles, suitable leadership, relevant members, and adequate resources. They will be described in turn below.
Organisations are pervaded either explicitly through mission statements or by particular assumptions or behaviour. West (1994) emphasised the need for organisations to have a clear vision, which encompassed their underlying values. Mission statements communicated and synchronised these shared values across the organisation, thus engaging and motivating individuals (Beatty 1987; Headrick, Wilcock & Batalden 1998). Clear and measurable team goals could be derived from the mission statement. As team members participated in setting and prioritising goals, they better understood the task requirements and were more motivated to achieve them (Kirkman & Rosen 1999). Goal agreement in healthcare is often achieved through a common commitment to patients’ needs (Bassoff 1983; Headrick et al. 1998). Having a superordinate goal beyond professional goals motivates team members to emphasise their similarities without diluting unique professional