organization and management analysis

Topics: Management, Organization, Organizational studies and human resource management Pages: 6 (1127 words) Published: May 24, 2015


Organization and Management Analysis
HCS/514
Organization and Management Analysis
This essay is on organization and management analysis. I will show in detail about the various organizational theories. There will also be discussions on the comparisons of management theories and styles and which organizational theory resembles my organization. This essay is also on changes that could be made to make my organization better. There are many organization theories and management theories and these theories are a major part of the working world. Organizational theories

Organizational theories are there so companies and figure out the issues that are going on. This can pin point specific issues and can figure out which theory is more suitable for this issue. Organizational theories show the different questions on how an organization works. Markgraf  (2014), “organizations have structure, goals and members but focus on the efficiency of the organization, how it achieves its goals, how its environment affects its operations and how it survives in the face of outside challenges” (para. 2). These theories are used to test certain goals and business environment with the best structure that will help a company when challenges will come. Classical organization theory

Classical organization theory has been around since the early 1900’s. This theory is associated with scientific management, bureaucratic theory, and administrative theory. A man named Frederick Taylor came up with scientific management theory in 1917 (Walonick, 1993). It was also called “Taylorism”. There are four principles to classical organizational theory. Find the “best way” to do the tasks, match workers to each task very carefully, use awards and punishment systems and supervise employees carefully, and planning and controlling (Walonick, 1993). Max Weber (1947) added on to Taylor’s theory. Weber came up with the bureaucratic theory, which had more “hierarchical structure of power” (Walonick, 1993). There was more importance to the labor and specialization departments. Administrative theory was created by Mooney and Reiley (1931). This theory was based on having a universal set of management principles that all organizations could use. Neoclassical organization theory

During the human relations movement it had changed a hard and strict structure of classical theory. Neoclassical organizational theory was created to improve classical organizational theory. It helped tend to a large number of issues with the classical theory. Walonick (1993), “the most serious objections to classical theory are that it created over conformity and rigidity, thus squelching creativity, individual growth, and motivation” (2). The main principles of neoclassical organizational theory are work group, individual, and participatory management. There was a lot of worry for the human needs with neoclassical theory. Mayo and Roethlisberger (1920’s) had changed the working conditions so that there would be positive outcomes. An example of the change is “intensity of lighting”. There way was to pay attention to their employees to increase productivity (Walonick, 1993). Contingency organization theory

During the 1960’s a man named Fred Fielder developed contingency organization theory. This theory basically means that there is no one way to organize a company, lead, or for a company to make decisions. Instead it is based on the internal and external factors (Walonick, 1993). The point of contingency theory is to make an organizational structure that will be able to handle different outcomes from the organization. There cannot be one design for all companies because all organizations have different outcomes (Walonick, 1993). Systems theory

Systems theory was developed in 1928 by Ludwig von Bertalanffy, but it wasn’t set into any organizations until 1972 by Kast and Rosenzweig, 1972 (Walonick, 1993). Systems theory was based on that all factors of a company were all...

References: Markgraf, B. (2014). What are Organizational Theories. Retrieved from
http://smallbusiness.chron.com/organizational-theories-61457.html
 MBA online Program. (2013). Management Theories & Styles. Retrieved from http://www.mba-
online-program.com/management-theories-styles
Walonick, D.S. (1993). Organizational Theory and Behavior. Retrieved from
http://www.statpac.org/walonick/organizational-theory.htm
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