Bullozo, Jose Lorenzo O.
July 5, 2013
Ma’am Sarah Mendoza
Line Organization - Business or industry structure with self-contained departments. Authority travels downwards from top and accountability upwards from bottom along the chain of command, and each department manager has control over his or her department's affairs and employees.
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Staff Organization - A military-type organizational structure, commonly employed in large, centralized corporations. Line and staff management has two separate hierarchies: (1) the line hierarchy in which the departments are revenue generators (manufacturing, selling), and their managers are responsible for achieving the organization's main objectives by executing the key functions (such as policy making, target setting, decision making); (2) the staff hierarchy, in which the departments are revenue consumers, and their managers are responsible for activities that support line functions (such as accounting, maintenance, personnel management). While both hierarchies have their own chains of command, a line manager may have direct control over staff employees but a staff manager may have no such power over the line employees. In modern practice, however, the difference in the two hierarchies is not so clear-cut and jobs often have elements of the both types of functions.
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In a student council, it follows a line organization wherein the president leads and the vice president act a spare tire should the president be unavailable and the vice president also acts as the second-in-command or the assistant to the president. The secretary of the council is the head in all of the paper...
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