Organistional behaviour

Topics: Organization, Individual, Member of Parliament Pages: 2 (304 words) Published: December 3, 2013

Organisational Behaviour

Part 1

1. Explain the difference between formal and informal groups. Analyse whether groups are always beneficial for organisations.

Plan
Formal & Informal Groups
Formal groups are based on defined role relationships – in formal are based on based on personal relationships and agreement Formal Groups are created to achieve specific organisational objectives and are concerned with the co-ordination of work activities – informal groups serve to satisfy the psychological and social needs of group members not related necessarily to the tasks to be undertaken Formal group members have defined roles and the nature of work tasks to be undertaken is a predominant feature of the group – informal groups are based on personal relationships and membership can cut across the formal structure of the organisation Formal groups tend to be relatively permanent, although there may be a change in the membership of the team limitations of group decisions:

Groups make better decisions than the average group member, but not as good as the best person working alone; Groups involve everyone –advantageous in certain circumstances (changing attitudes) the process is usually slower than for individuals

Group working usually produces more workable solutions
Social loafing – the tendency for individuals to expend less effort when working as a member of a group than as an individual. (Ringelmann) Teams can be elevated into a ‘silver bullet’ – a magic solution to all business problems. ‘Teams are not always the answer to a problem’. (Hall) Groups make better decisions than the AVERAGE group member, BUT not as good as the best person working alone;

Groups involve everyone –advantageous in certain circumstances (changing attitudes)

the process is usually slower than for individuals

Group working usually produces more workable solutions

The collective power of a group can outshine individual performance. (Guirdham) Decision-making can...
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