Direction is then filtered down to senior and middle management. The organizational structure then changes to horizontal coordination which links all direction to all necessary departments and individuals. Lower level staff do not contribute to any decisions and follow strict directions.
Management levels are clearly defined on the level of their expertise. Disney boasts on their website that their “management teams encompasses a unique group of visionary executives that are admired and respected around the world. Their leaders are committed to excellence, inspiring creativity and innovation across the business globe and delivering shareholders value, positioning the company for the future”.
Disney shows that it is a leading, diversified, international organization and that when it needs to change the way it handles new challenges, it changes the chain of command and then rearranges the following units. http://thewaltdisneycompany.com/about-disney/company-overview http://thewaltdisneycompany.com/about-disney/leadership
Johnson & Johnson is a decentralized company. Its former Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board William C. Weldon (2002-2012) said that decentralizing management “is a good way to spark innovation and train corporate leaders. It allows different people with different skills and thoughts, to bring together different products and technologies to satisfy the unmet needs of customers”.
Johnson & Johnson is a vertical