1.1 Compare and contrast different organizational structures and culture, such as the organisation structure and culture of BT and that of Ryanair.
Organizational Structure defines how the position, power and responsibilities are allocated, controlled and coordinated, and how information streams between the different management levels.
Many companies use a strong structure that lists all management positions and who is responsible for each task and activities.
Standard types of organizational structures also include Functional, Geographic, Product and Customer.
A structure depends on the Business’s purposes and approach. In a centralized structure, the top level of management has the most decision power and has a firm control over the different sectors and divisions. In a decentralized structure, the decision making power is
Allocated and departments and divisions may have different levels of independence.
Organisations can also decide to use a Matrix organizational structure which combines one or more structure bases. For instance, combining product and customer structures can permit a business to manufacture and market specific goods or services for different customer types.
Functional structure is set up so that each portion of the organisation is grouped according to its purpose.
In this type of organisation for instance, it may have a marketing sector, sales and production. The functional structure works very well for small organisations in which each sector can depend on the skills and abilities of its workers and support itself.
Divisional structure is usually used in bigger organisations that operate in a wide geographic area or that have separate smaller organisations within the group to cover different products or market areas.
Smaller businesses can use a divisional structure on a smaller level, having different offices in different parts of the city, for instance, or assigning different