First one is work load stressor. It occurs when one work more hours. Phil worked six days a week and five of them were worked until eight or nine p.m. It was a very long working hours. Next one is task control stressor. Stress increases with responsibility. As Phil was a vice-president, he had to handle and manage the daily operation of the company. Also, because he was an important person, he had to make many major decisions. On one hand, he had to manage people that were working for him. On the other hand, he had to report to his boss. All of these increased Phil’s stress. Another stress comes from his family. His relationship with his sons and draughts were not close. He always worried about his son since his son took drugs. Last one is his personality. He was a perfect Type A workaholic person. Work hard but does not enjoy his work and thus was impatient. Unhappiness about his job enhances stress level.
2. What are the consequences of the above stressors to Phil’s professional and personal life?
Physiologically, high stress level causes health problems. Therefore, Phil was overweight and died of a coronary thrombosis. It maybe caused by disorder of eating. Behaviorally, stress may hinder his work performance. It is easy for Phil to make wrong decisions. It is a serious matter since his decisions affected the development of company. Psychologically, Phil may feel depression and moodiness. So, he did not interest in extra-curricular activities and always felt nervous. His mental health was seriously affected.
3. Do you think his colleagues will have the same consequences when faced with similar stressors? Why?
I do not think his colleagues will have the same consequences. The main reason is that unique personal characteristic leads to individual differences in stress and different resilience among individual. That means, different people have