FACULTY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
DEPARTMENT OF CHEMISTRY
COURSE TITLE: General Organic Chemistry
COURSE CODE: CHM 121 , UNIT: 2.0 .
INTRODUCTORY AND IMPORTANCE OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
Organic chemistry is the study of the compounds of carbon. Carbon compounds are far more numerous than those of other elements because carbon are able to bond together to form a wide range of chains and rings. The subject is named organic chemistry because living organisms are composed of carbon compounds.
Organic chemistry could be regarded as the chemistry of life. Organic Chemistry is of great medical, economic and technological importance. It touches almost every areas of our daily life (food, medicinal drugs, paper, ink, paint, plastic, fuel, textiles, pesticides, dyes, explosives, etc).
Living organisms are nature’s laboratory where many chemical transformations are taking place independently, simultaneously and continuously. Hence most organic sample are mixtures of compounds.
However, the need for identification of these numerous compounds of carbon had led to their division into groups/family based on some of their common features. One of the major questions requiring on answer in organic Chemistry and Chemistry in general is what is present in a given sample of material. These will often involve determining the class of the compounds and the arrangement of atoms in the molecules i.e. the structure of the compound(s). The correct answer to these question and many more will help to come up with the identity of the compound(s) in the sample.
Peculiarities of carbon chemistry are:
a) Ability of carbon to form bonds not only with other elements but also with itself.
b) The existence of different types of isomeric compounds
The basic structure of any organic compound be it plastic, protein, medicine or fuel...
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