Oppositions to Texas Annexation

Topics: United States, Republic of Texas, Annexation Pages: 2 (1285 words) Published: October 26, 2014

Oppositions to Texas Annexation
On March 2, 1836, Texas had become an independent nation from Mexico. It had named itself the Republic of Texas and proudly stood between a growing United States, and a conflicted Mexico. Immediately facing problems, Texas had many economic failures, had trouble with nearby Indians, and could not form a stable military. It is for these reasons that Sam Houston, a major political figure and President of the Republic of Texas, decided that Texas could not sustain itself as an independent nation. Sam Houston suggested to the United States to annex Texas. This caused a bit of disruption in the United States, as people who opposed Texas annexation and people who wanted Texas annexation clashed. Many people thought that the United States should not annex Texas because it would lead to an uneven number of slave states, it would cause a war, it would disrupt foreign relations, and many people thought annexing was unjust. One of the most major oppositional reasons was centered around slavery. Many people thought that if Texas was annexed, it would lead to an uneven number of slave states and free states. In the current United States, there were thirteen slave states and thirteen free states. The slave states consisted of Louisiana, Arkansas, Missouri, Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, North and South Carolina, Maryland, Delaware, Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi. In the “North” were the free states: Michigan, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, Vermont, New Hampshire, Maine, and New York. With the addition of Texas, there would be fourteen slave states and thirteen free states. Though this was good news for the South, it was angering to the North. The addition of Texas to the South meant their economy would be thriving and many slaves would be needed to work in Texas’s cotton fields. This would strengthen their power and the free states feared that the slave states would soon...

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