How Technology has Affected the Bank Industry
University of Phoenix
COM525: Managerial Communication and Ethics
Edward L. Dempsey
March 14, 2005
Modern technology has set the stage for today's industries to adopt faster, more effective and efficient tools to improve their business and productivity. A vast majority of organizations within various industries are using new technology to introduce changes to their business operations. Simply stated, these changes are manifested in what they do, with whom they do it, how they do it, and the tools they use to get it done. However, it is worthwhile to note that, while technology can offer beneficial changes to organizations, change usually comes with both positive and negative consequences. In any business, if technology serves as a catalyst for improvement without significant drawbacks, adopting the changes that it brings will be more beneficial than harmful. Online banking is a technological advancement that has brought about such a change. The banking industry has adopted virtual banking to improve business process, infrastructure, and customer relationships. These changes have had a major impact on the banking business, but more transparently on the customers of online banking. The matrix measures for the improvements added by online banking can be evaluated on comparable levels of service, efficiency and cost satisfaction, for both the provider and consumer of this technology. Throughout this document, we will discuss the advantages and disadvantages of online banking in hopes of formulating a better understanding of why banks of today are moving towards online business. While virtual banking has considerable concerns, the advantages it generates, far outweighs the disadvantages because the value added through this technology benefits both the banks, and the customers. E-banking has had a considerable impact on today's banking business, affecting both customers and banks in multiple ways. Banking activities such as; account inquiries, depositing or transferring funds and ordering checks, can now be done remotely, 24 hours a day and seven days a week. From a business organizational point of view, this technology is changing the employee structure of the average bank. The U.S Department of labor noted in 2004 that "banking employment is projected to grow more slowly than average as consolidation and automation make banks more efficient". Changes in how banks are providing their service has affected, and will continue to affect hiring practices, as more online services become available, demanding the need to employ computer specialists. Online banking is also changing the way banks market their products. Customers are not just seeing the new interest rate offer for opening a one-year CD or money market account, on an easel as they walk into their local branch. Today's banker sees the ad on a flashing banner as they launch their bank's website. Banks also advertise various types of loans, investment accounts and insurance products that are easy to purchase or open with an online application. The growing use of new credit scoring software allows banks to advertise a guaranteed answer or 24 hour approval on such applications. E-tools for conducting such services have completely changed old banking processes, and provide new, more convenient ways of banking, that Banks are using to lure customers into their business. The customer's of online banking reap many benefits from the added convenience of online banking, but the nature of banking has completely changed and requires new skills. For instance, basic personal computer skills are a must for bankers wanting to enter the online banking world. Bankers will now need to be able to maneuver through the numerous tabs, buttons and icons on their computers, to be able to access their accounts, and complete transactions. Officials of the...
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