One flew over the Cuckoo's nest is a feature film that focuses on the issue of democracy being important to society. Democracy is the people's freedom to choice their ruler. In the film Randal Patrick McMurphy also known as McMurphy is a representative of democracy and Mildred Ratched also known as ratchet is a dictator standing in the way of achieving democracy. This theme is evident through the traditional narrative techniques of symbolism and foreshadowing shown through the conventions specific to a feature film of camera techniques, behaviour and costume. The types of power that Randal and Ratched have covey to the viewer the significance of what they symbolise and why.
In the film we see that McMurphy has great charisma or personal power. Nurse ratchet on the other hand has positional power as she is head nurse of the ward. Personal power reflects the value of democracy in society as those with charisma are more likely to succeed as rulers in a democratic society. Dictatorship in societies is all about positional power as the reason that the person is in charge is not through the people but by some other device such as manipulation, force or having positional power already and gaining more. In the film we see that McMurphy has a lot of charisma by the way that even though the others have been in the ward longer they all flock around him and he becomes their leader. The battle between McMurphy and ratchet can be seen as a metaphorical for the cold war in which western democracy fought a political war against dictators such as Idi Amin of Uganda and Fidel Castro of Cuba. This is because the theme of the film would have been conceived in the cold war era i.e. 1962 when the book was published and 1975 when the film was finished.
The opening shot of the lake and mountain symbolises the democracy that is desired by the patients at the institute. The entry of the car foreshadows its occupant's importance in gaining this democracy. The occupant is of...
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