First, the Chinese educational quality has a low status in the world because of the large population. There is information about the difference between Chinese teachers and students: right now China has one hundred and sixty million students, but just two million teachers, so that means the average number of students that a teacher has to teach at the same time is eighty. (Carolyn p20-33) Because of the large number of student and not enough teachers, it’s hard to increase the educational quality in China. I remembered when I was in primary school, middle school, and high school, every class at least has sixty students and Chinese classrooms are very small, so sixty students in a classroom share only one aisle. When the students sit next to the windows want to come out, everyone sit in the same row has to move. And I remember in the primary school, students always have disputes for someone shared bigger space than others, and every summer, the temperature in classroom always higher than outside. That sounds funny, but these situations have dropped Chinese students’ learning efficiencies. However, Mr. Jun thought that since doing “Birth Control”, China’s educational problems have become better. In his opinion, the large number of students made the Chinese educational policy becomes more uniform, which means all of the Chinese students had to study the same rules or they learned exactly same things. It made every Chinese student have the same beliefs and dreams. (Jun, p181-183) If this situation still continues for 20 years, China would seem like a “Robert country” because everybody in China will probably treat everything in an exactly same processing. Even thought teaching all in the same way was the only solution because of the large number of students, it had more negative effects like the monotonic personality for all the Chinese. However, the educational problems have gotten better with the “One Child Policy”. The number of students has dropped down every year after c. 1980, so the hard situation has kind of gone into remission. (Zhao, p295-317) The lower student to teacher ratio helps Chinese education and also solves the problem of children’s personalities. Although having one child per family can make children selfish and stray from traditional Chinese customs, smaller class sizes can compensate for that problem. Fewer students can learn more, so teachers are able to teach extra knowledge or experiences. Therefore, children’s personality will get a kind of modification. (Jason p15)
Secondly, Chinese public health care has many problems and all the problems basically are caused by the large population. The lowly Chinese health care problem can be classified by two reasons, which are not enough sources to use even though the government spends more and more every year and a too closely packed population. However, everyone knows each of these two reasons is attached to the large population problem. “The Chinese Health System at a Crossroads” shows that Chinese health system has to serve three point two billion sick people in one year, but it can really only serve just two point four billion sick people per year. Therefore, there are eight hundred million sick people cannot get treatments every year. (Winnie p460-469) However, another research study form “Wish for Africa” shows that Chinese health care system has an advantageous position in the world which means the Chinese health care system is excellent, but cannot be used properly due to the large population. Compare these two pieces of information, and the result is that the huge number of Chinese people puts huge pressure on the Chinese government to care for its people. For example, 2008 Si Chuan province Wen Chuan county earthquake, China almost maneuvered all the possible resources to support disaster areas, but China still needed lager amount of international aids. The reason was the number of stricken people was forty six million. There were too much people needed help. Had all the Chinese known these situations, they would have said that decrease that huge number using “One Child Policy”. The second particular reason is the too closely packed population. In Dr. Chen’s opinion, Chinese health care in a hard time is caused by the close distribution of population. The closely living environment makes communicable diseases circulate much faster and easier. (Chen, p1986-1997) The reason for that close structure is also the large population, so keep continuing the “One Child Policy” in China is necessary.
Finally, the Chinese government has to pay zillions for all the unemployed people because there is no more work for them. The Chinese society problem was shown on a website which had a research study about the biggest limitation of Chinese employment and the result is that almost two hundred million people will get no job and maybe a hundred and thirty million people get jobs that they do not like, and these numbers are still increasing every day. (“Chinese Sociology”) For example, a quarter of my high school (which is very good high school in China) classmates found jobs with about four thousand U.S. dollars salary per year. And a half of them are unemployed after they graduate from universities. Rests of them are still in school. This information really shows the hard situation in China right now. More than a half new graduated students cannot find jobs, so government decided to lower the retire age in China to provide more opportunities to these young people. This decision can temporary lighten the pressure from employment problem, but it not really solve the original problem and will waste a huge amount of money for the personnel adjustments. Also, China can support those “extra” people for their living costs, but it is not a good for them because the money for them is from all the taxpayer. This amount of money can be used for many national needs such as education, endowment insurances and technological funds. Therefore, the employment problem should be solved by something, and the best way is “Birth Control” too. China has a certain area, and it’s impossible to begin a war to gain more land, so Chinese government is hardly to provide more jobs. However, if the Birth control keeps working, it’s easily to decrease population in China. Otherwise, the money for those “extra people” can be used to serve the old people who cannot work anymore, and then the “One Child Policy” will solve the “Older” problem too. The employment problem has made Chinese economy have a big trouble. An article called “No Place to Call Home” shows that the large population caused the China’s employment problem and the problem retarded the developing of the economy. However, China is lucky to get the correct solution which is called “One Child Policy”. Without that way, the hard situation would become a vicious circle because the government spends a lots time and money taking care of the people without a job and the number of unemployed people is still increasing. After unemployment rate increased, Chinese government must spend more for that situation. The result for it is the government has less power to handle and solve the problem. (No Place to Call Home, p45-46) In general, the first step of solving any problem is to stop that problem become bigger, so China has put “One Child Policy” into place. Therefore, the “One Child Policy” is the most working or helpful part in the solution.
Chinese government made a big mistake in c. 1949 which was telling all of the Chinese couples to give birth as much as they can and caused a really serious overpopulation problem, but now they are trying to correct it. Now, Chinese people are living under threatens from overpopulation problem, so people should focus their attentions on solving the overpopulation problem. Even though they are doing well, the overpopulation problem is still not under control. Therefore, it’s not a right time to stop the “Birth Control” because China still has a lot of troubles that need the policy to resolve them, such as the educational problem, health care and the employment problem. China really has to think about children’s personalities and human rights, but only after the major problems is already addressed. If China is doing “Birth Control” or “One Child Policy” well in future thirty years, China will become much better than before.