One Child Policy

Topics: One-child policy, Abortion, People's Republic of China Pages: 6 (2518 words) Published: March 7, 2013
One child Policy Implemented in China
             In 1979, a one-child policy was introduced to control China’s growing population and reduce the damage on scarce resources. Despite its success on curbing their population and lowering the demand on resources, it’s important that the one child policy comes to an end. It’s the 21st century and a restriction on family size is archaic, ruthless as well as demeaning to human rights. How will the country be successful as a whole with such harsh regulations on its own public? Additionally the policy achieves many unconstructive outcomes, which outweigh all benefits presented. For example, there is a decline of the younger generation, so with the shortage of adolescents it goes hand in hand with the shortages in labor; and in my opinion China is built on the idea of industrialization and having cheap labor. Therefore, a decline in the work force could prevent the nation from having its ambitious economic growth. In order to address overpopulation, the one child policy was brought about to promote one-child families in every household. There are some exceptions where “the government limits most urban couples to one child, and allows two children for rural families if their firstborn is a girl.” (N.P 1) But despite the very few exceptions the one child policy is still extremely demanding and cruel to the citizens. Shouldn’t they have their own right to decide the amount of children they want to bear? It is quite a debatable policy because it carries much success in modernization but has brought about very strict requirements. The population has been significantly curbed that is extremely vital because it’s leading to a less demand of natural resources; however forcing the public of China to abort their second child without any hesitation fuels public anger and dislike. Failure to do so can lead to many consequences such as being rejected from your neighborhood, beaten by the police, fined with thousands of dollars and the cost of your job leaving you with nothing. But determining the size of one’s own family in my opinion is example of the violation of human rights.  According to a 1968 proclamation of the International Conference on Human Rights, “Human Rights and Reproductive Choice” by Singh 2

Lynn Freedman, "Parents have a basic human right to determine freely and responsibly  the number and the spacing of their children.” I completely agree with Freedman, society should have the freedom to the number of children they choose to give birth to, whatever that number may be. The reason the one child policy was implemented because Mao Zhendong believed with a greater population it carried a stronger nation; “A larger population means greater manpower"(Fitzpatrick 1). Therefore the communist government condemned birth control and banned the imports of contraceptives. Soon enough the government promoted families to have as many children as possible because their belief was with a  population growth it would go hand in hand with the empowerment of the country. However with the baby boom it led to the scarcity of resources, so the food supply began to slip (Fitzpatrick 1). Therefore, the one child policy came about in “1977, although it was not mandated nationwide until 1979.” (Zhu 463). Deng Xiao Ping was the leader at that time and was aiming for economic reform. The set of rules and regulations the one child policy is seen as a necessity to lower poverty rates and mass overpopulation in their country. The one child policy is hated by many despite its minor accomplishments on lowering as well as preventing population growth; in the Huffington post it stated, “Though the government credits the policy with preventing hundreds of millions of births and helping lift countless families out of poverty, it is despised by many ordinary people. Chinese family planning authorities credit the one-child policy with preventing around 400 million births (Chin 1). However, the strict...
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