on democracy notes

Good Essays
Topics: Democracy
On Democracy by Dahl – Notes (J301F)

Chapter 1
Last half of 20th century: main alternatives to democracy disappeared
Democracy did NOT win support of all people throughout world
Democratic governments existed in less than ½ the countries of the world
Challenges of different groups:
Nondemocratic countries: TRANSITION to democracy
New democracies: CONSOLIDATE (strengthen) democratic practices so they’ll withstand tests of time
Old democracies: DEEPEN democracy & perfect it
Despite 2,500 years of discussion, still disagreement over fundamental questions about democracy
Chapter 2
Democracy did NOT advance continuously from its invention in ancient Greece & did NOT just gradually spread outward
After its early centuries in Greece & Rome, the rise of popular government turned into its decline & disappearance
Democracy’s rise & decline CANNOT be portrayed as a “steady upward climb” with “brief descents here and there”
The course of democratic history would look like path of traveler crossing flat, endless desert broken by only a few hills, until path finally begins long climb to present heights
It would be a mistake to assume that democracy was just invented once and for all, like the steam engine
Expansion of democracy can be accounted for mainly by the diffusion of democratic ideas, but diffusion CANNOT provide whole explanation
Like fire or writing, democracy has been invented more than once and in more than one place
A push toward democratic participation develops out of what we might call the logic of equality
Group identity, little outside interference, & assumption of equality were natural during hunter-gatherer times (such as in tribal communities)
After humans began to settle down, forms of hierarchy and domination came to be more “natural”
As a result, popular governments vanished among settled people for thousands of years
Instead, replaced by monarchies, aristocracies, oligarchies, etc. – all based on some form of ranking or

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Better Essays

    Democracy

    • 1617 Words
    • 7 Pages

    the world are democracies. Knowing what is a democracy is really important, especially for those who live in a democracy. It allows you to understand what is the rule that the government plays in the society and know what are your rights and duties under a democratic administration. This essay will seek to define Democracy, the meaning of the word, the system and the history, and describe two of the most famous democracies: Direct democracy and Representative democracy. Democracy is a form of…

    • 1617 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Democracy

    • 4082 Words
    • 17 Pages

    Introduction: When we talk about democracy we automatically draw up the fundamental belief that each individual has a value. Compared to dictatorships, oligarchies, monarchies and aristocracies, in which the people have little or no say in who is elected and how the government is run, a democracy is often said to be the most challenging form of government, as input from those representing citizens determines the direction of the country. The basic definition of democracy in its purest form comes from…

    • 4082 Words
    • 17 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Democracy

    • 1217 Words
    • 5 Pages

    How Democratic Is the American Constitution? From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search How Democratic is the American Constitution? (2001, ISBN 0-300-09218-0, among others) is a book by political scientist Robert A. Dahl that discusses seven "undemocratic" elements of the United States Constitution. The book defines "democratic" as alignment with the principle of one person, one vote, also known as majority rule. The author praises the Framers of the Constitution as…

    • 1217 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Democracy

    • 1071 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Democracy Democracy has become a dominant form of the government, that using in many countries. Democracy is a government form, which is the citizen should have a decision to vote their leader directly for their own country or elect the leader for the other problems. Democracy can develop it, if the majority and the minority party or the association willing works together. Which is everybody can talk and have an opinion, than will put the all idea together and take a better decision for the…

    • 1071 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Democracy

    • 4591 Words
    • 19 Pages

    EGERTON UNIVERSITY JAMES AKOYO ABISAI REG. NO. AM17/0251/12 TERM PAPER TOPIC: DEMOCRATIZATION IN AFRICA SUBMITTED TO: DR.OSAMBA 23RD NOVEMBER 2012 DEMOCRACY IN AFRICA Professor Ben O. Nwabueze 's book, Democratization (Nwabueze 1993), is the best place to begin for a wide-ranging and textured examination of democratization in African societies. "Democratization is not only a concept, nor is it synonymous with multi-partyism," Nwabueze writes, "it is also concerned with certain…

    • 4591 Words
    • 19 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Democracy

    • 1451 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Etymologically, democracy comes from two Greek words, demos and cratein. Demos means society while cratein means authority. There are many terminological definitions of democracy, one of it is definition is by Henry B. Mayo stating that democracy is a political system showing the public policy determined by representatives audited effectively by the society by having periodic elections based on principles of political similarities in a situation where there is freedom to choose. This means that…

    • 1451 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Democracy

    • 4407 Words
    • 18 Pages

    Threats To Democracy In Pakistan: '' Freedom & Democracy are just more than ideals to be followed, rather necessary for survival'' Noam chomsky. I have attempted the essay based on democracy in 2011 & prepared it like the one u jotted down. Similarly if you start the introduction with the paragraph like: Dancing around the fire is not the solution to any problem, one should try to set & see beneath the surface in order to grasp the main issue relating to the crisis of democracy in Pakistan…

    • 4407 Words
    • 18 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Democracy

    • 880 Words
    • 4 Pages

    In a democracy the poor will have more power than the rich, because ther are more of them, and will of the majority is supreme” Aristotle Democracy is a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives. Abraham Lincoln described democracy as: “The government of the people, by the people and for the people”. It means that in democratic form of government common man plays the pivotal role. The aristocracy, the land lords…

    • 880 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Democracy

    • 3876 Words
    • 12 Pages

    constitutional monarchies are democracies; they are not direct democracies, however, which do away with elected representatives in favour of rule by popular referendum (no country today uses such a system). So, all democracies have elected representatives. At its most basic, a democracy is a system of government where leaders are chosen by election, but there are other criteria. After all, Russia, Uzbekistan, and Egypt all have elections, but they are emphatically not democracies. Even the USSR had elections…

    • 3876 Words
    • 12 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Democracy

    • 298 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Democracy means power in the hand of people. Democracy is a form of government where sovereignty is in the hand of the people, the general public. The basic idea is of equality, freedom and welfare for all. It does not take into consideration the cast or the wealth of some person; every individual is treated fairly and is given equal rights. Democracy implies political liberty. Political liberty consists of the right to vote, the right to sand as a candidate for election, the right to hold public…

    • 298 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays