The Olmecs were farmers, traders, artists innovators. The Olmec culture first emerged in the Isthmus region of Tehuantepec. The site of San Lorenzo, which sits on the Coatzacoalcos River, sheds the most light on this mysterious culture. During this time period, The Initail Formative, food surplus sparked an increase in population and career specialization. With the increase of specialization and sedentism came the environment for complex culture. The Olmec people were farmers, "using ground-stone tools to clear the rainforest along the rivers by using a slash-and-burn farming technique" (Evans 2004:135). Amongst the crops raised were maize and manioc. Using the above mentioned farming methods, the Olmec people were able to create a food surplus that allowed artisanship and trade. Many items from neighboring regions were traded by the Olmec. Jade, an extremely sought after stone, "whose blue green color may have been associated with lifeforce" (Evans 2004:131). Obsidian from Otumba, Guadalupe Victoria, and El Chayal were also traded to the Olmec people. Obsidian was used to make knives, pottery and even a "grating device used to process manioc" (Evans 2004:135). Raw materials like basalt and rubber were also traded in the region. The Olmec artist was a skilled member of society. Amongst the Olmec art forms, sculpture was very important. The Basalt that was imported into San Lorenzo was often used for Monumental size sculptures. The Olmec colossal heads are famous pieces of early formative art work; some standing much taller than a full grown human (9 feet). Of the seventeen known heads, most have been found at San Lorenzo wearing helmets that had possibly been used in ballgames. At El Azuzul another important monumental sculpture was found, a pair of twin males facing a jaguar. "This scene offers powerful images of duality and shamanic transformation, as indicated by the postures of the twins" (Evans 2004:141). In the Olmec art forms there
Olmec arts and their iconography are full of mysteries. Many archeologists researched and worked their best to figure out the meaning behind in each different symbol and leave many writing about Olmec arts and their symbol means. The young male stone statue has many similarity in other Olmec sculptures and we can identify the meaning behind this sculpture by comparing with other art works and using credible book wroted by archeologists. Different parts of the young male stone statue (fig.1) might….
Mr. John Newport
September 6, 2013
An Analysis of Ivan Van Sertima’s African influence upon the Olmecs
The Olmecs were considered to be the first pre-classic civilization in Mesoamerica that flourished in the year C. 1500 to 300 BCE who lived in the Tropical lowlands of south-central Mexico. The word Olmec comes from Aztec origin meaning “people of the rubber country”. The Olmecs were the first civilization to practice ritualistic bloodletting and played the Mesoamerican ballgame, Pok-A-Tok….
The Olmecs: New Light on a Shadowy Past
In an old movie, a dashing adventurer hacks his way through tangled jungle vines, searching for
a lost civilization. Suddenly, he stumbles upon a dark pit hidden by dense undergrowth. At the bottom
of the pit stands a huge stone monument covered with strange carvings. The adventurer is thrilled when
he realizes that he has chanced upon the remains of an unknown civilization that existed thousands ofyears ago.
More than three thousand years ago in the jungles….
The first Mesoamerican civilization. Between ca. 1200 and 400 B.C.E., the __ people of central Mexico created a vibrant civilization that included intensive agriculture, wide-ranging trade, ceremonial centers, and monumental construction. The __ had great cultural influence on later Mesoamerican societies, passing on artistic styles, religious imagery, sophisticated astronomical observation for the construction of calendars, and a ritual ball game. (p. 75)
__ The first major urban….
How will the course in Art Appreciation help me?
I am student of history who teaches history to students of high school. Though I have a master’s degree in history I call myself a student because I believe that there is no end to learning. I have deep interest in exploring monuments, understanding details of architectural styles and other art forms. Due to my love for the subject I have great curiosity and hunger to understand and learn about the above various art forms. I want to expand my knowledge….
The Olmec civilization thrived from c. 1500 BC to 400 BC, in the modern day Mexican states of Veracruz and Tabasco. Due to lack of archaeological evidence, the Olmec’s origin of ethnic identity is unknown. There is such a lack of knowledge that researchers still are unaware of the name this group of people referred to themselves as. The title Olmec comes from, ‘Olmec-Xicalanca, which is the name of the multi-lingual traders of the Conquest Era, from the same region, and the name has stuck through….
The most recognizable artifacts of the Olmec civilization are their massive, carved stone heads. It is believed that they are representations of Olmec rulers. We know that these are made by Olmecs because there are glyphs on the heads. Glyphs is a form of writing for the Olmecs. The massive monuments show us that the people of Olmec had a complex society and were building towns while the rest of Mesoamerican civilization was still unsophisticated. It is said to believe that the heights of the heads….
The Olmec tools and buildings they built were very cavemen like. Obviously the stone tools and buildings were important to their survival. Because the tools were important the Olmec had to keep making them and were located in markets in the town(center of exhibit). The heavy stone buildings families lived in were important because without them people would have nowhere to live. Homes are usually located in the middle of the town(center of exhibit). Community farm buildings were usually located just….
|Art in its Simplest Form |
The Dictionary defines art as the expression or application the conscious use of skill and creative imagination of human creative skill (Merriam-Webster Dictionary). Art in the simplest words….