Due: January 11, 2013
Oliver Cromwell rose from his humble heritage in English society to become the Lord Protector of England, Scotland, and Ireland, the first and only man without royal blood to do so. His played a prominent role in bringing about the trial and beheading of King Charles I; he took control of the Parliament 's professional Army and went forth on the most cruel military action England had ever undertaken against the neighbouring nations; and he accomplished a level of religious freedom that had been unaccepted in England for the past hundred years. Oliver Cromwell was indeed a unique leader, one who wanted what was best for his fellow countrymen and completely devoted himself to his life as a Parliamentarian. Oliver Cromwell should be judged by history for his actions as a visionary who championed Parliamentarian values.
Everything Cromwell did was what he believed to be in the best interest of England and its people. Oliver Cromwell supported the Parliament and continued to be an active member of it even though King Charles I had distanced himself from the Parliament and was ruling according to his own will with no regard to the law. Cromwell had played a substantial role in the execution of King Charles I, not because he entertained any selfish ideas concerning Charles ' throne, but because he truly believed England would be better off without the trouble-causing head of state. Through this, he taught the people the fundamental value of holding their rulers accountable. Cromwell also helped to form the New Model Army. The New Model Army was a professional army formed in a sense by the people for the people. Social class had no worth in the Army, all men were equal and were recruited according to ability, not wealth or social status. Cromwell was well known for his aptitude for military tactics and strategies; he lead his regiment, the Ironsides, to victory in every battle
Bibliography: [ 4 ]. “Quotes of Oliver Cromwell”, The Cromwell Association. 2001-2005 http://www.olivercromwell.org/quotes1.htm [ 5 ] [ 6 ]. Paul Halsall, “Modern History Sourcebook”, (July 1998) http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1644cromwell-marston.asp [ 9 ]. “Oliver Cromwell”, Heritage History, 2007-2012 http://www.heritage-history.com/www/heritage.php?Dir=characters&FileName=cromwell2.php [ 10 ]. John Morrill, “Oliver Cromwell”, BBC History. (February 17, 2011) http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/civil_war_revolution/cromwell_01.shtml [ 11 ] [ 13 ]. Charles Phillips, “Commonwealth and Protectorate”, The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Royal Britain. (Anness Publishing Ltd. 2006, 2011) 154 [ 14 ]