Old Age are all key stages. As one grows, they mature through these various stages. When one
reaches old age, there is often a lot of doubt surrounding their lives. Serenity, and independence
are often the two most questioned. These are some questions that Santiago has to ask himself as
In the novel The Old Man And The Sea, Ernest Hemingway develops the concept of
man coming to the realization that as he ages, his dependency on others will increase. The use of
metaphor is key in showing how this is indeed true. The struggle with the Tiburon represents the
mental struggle that Santiago is having with himself. The Tiburon is also used as a metaphor for
Santiago's life. The boy in the story parallels what Santiago's life once was.
The struggle with the Tiburon represents the struggle that Santiago is having with himself.
The constant struggle makes Santiago realize that he is no longer as young as he thinks he is and
he must rely on the help of others. This is shown when Santiago is battling the Tiburon.
" Bad news for you fish', he said and shifted the line over the sacks
that covered his shoulders. He was comfortable, but suffering,
although he did not admit to the suffering at all. I am not
religious...but I will say Ten Hail Marys that I should catch this
fish'... Hail Mary full of Grace the Lord is with thee. Blessed art
thou among women and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus.
Holy Mary, Mother of God pray for us sinners now and at the hour
of death, Amen.' Then he added. Blessed Virgin, pray for the
death of this fish, wonderful as he is.' "
[ Hemingway 64-65]
This quote shows that the old man is forced to break the rules of sanity and talks to
himself as well as the fish which cannot hear him. The