Definition For Old English
Old English or Anglo-Saxon is an early form of the English language that was spoken and written by the Anglo-Saxons and their descendants in parts of what are now England and southern and eastern Scotland between at least the mid-5th century and the mid-11th century. What survives through writing represents primarily the literary register of Anglo-Saxon.
Timeline For Old English
5th century - Ingvaeonic
7th century - Anglo-Saxon
11th century – Normans
Example Of Old English
The Lord's Prayer in Old English (Matthew 6:9-13)
Fæder ure þu þe eart on heofonum
Si þin nama gehalgod
to becume þin rice
gewurþe ðin willa
on eorðan swa swa on heofonum.
urne gedæghwamlican hlaf syle us todæg
and forgyf us ure gyltas
swa swa we forgyfað urum gyltendum
and ne gelæd þu us on costnunge
ac alys us of yfele soþlice
Definition For Middle English
Middle English is the period in the history of the English language between the High and Late Middle Ages, or roughly during the four centuries between the late 11th and the late 15th century.
Timeline for Middle English (1150-1500)
1204 The Hundred Years' War - A war between England and France. It had a significant impact on the development of English because France became the enemy. The English people didn't want to use French words or terms anymore so the upper class began to want to learn and speak English.
1348 The Black Death - The disease that killed a vast majority of the people. It had a significant impact on the development of English because since so many people died there was a shortage of laborers. Because laborers were valued more, their language became more important too. The lower class moved up to the middle class and brought their language to a higher status too.
1362 Statute of Pleading - This law is the offical recognition of the English language in England. Parliament was opened with its first...
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