Oil and Gas

Topics: Petroleum, Natural gas, Petroleum industry Pages: 7 (1746 words) Published: September 15, 2013
St. augustine girls’ high school|
The Mining of Oil and Natural Gas in Trinidad and Tobago|
Geography|
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Sareeta Seeram, Inayah Mohammed, Mariah Ollivierre, Maria Ollivierre and Arielle Mootra| 9/1/2013|

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Table of Contents:

* Location of Oilfields and Gas Fields in Trinidad and Tobago…………………. Pg 2 * Factors that Influence the Location of Oil and Gas Mining in Trinidad and Tobago………………………………………………………………. Pg 3 * Trends in the Oil and Gas Industry……………………………….…………………. Pg 4-6 * Challenges in the Oil and Gas Industry…………………………………………… Pg 7-8 * The Role of the European Union in the Mining of Oil and Gas…….…………. Pg 9 * Role of the Caribbean Single Market Economy on the Mining of Oil and Gas in Trinidad and Tobago…………………………………………... Pg 10 * Oil and Natural Gas in the Future…………………………………………………. Pg 11 * Bibliography…………………………………………………………………………… Pg 12

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Location of Oilfields and Gas Fields in Trinidad and Tobago

Map of Trinidad and Tobago Showing the Location of Oilfields and Gas Fields:

* Oil fields can be found on land in the southern areas of Trinidad as well as off the east and west coast in the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Paria respectively.

* All gas fields can be found offshore. The majority can be located in the Atlantic Ocean off the east coast of Trinidad. Other gas fields can be found of the west coast and to the north of Trinidad and to the west of Tobago.

Factors that Influence the Location of Oil and Gas Mining in Trinidad and Tobago Millions of years ago, organic material accumulated on the ocean floors. Other sediments soon covered these materials. Over time, as a result of the heat and pressure exerted on then, the organic materials turned into crude oil and natural gas. Because of this, many oil fields and gas fields can be found in the southern, eastern and western areas of Trinidad both onshore and offshore and gas fields can be located to west of Tobago and to the north of Trinidad, offshore. Due to the multiple layers of impermeable rocks above the oil and gas, huge reservoirs of oil and gas remain stuck extremely far belowground. These reservoirs are, at this stage, inaccessible to man. For us to reach these underground resources, oil wells need to be drilled. These wells can be thousands of feet deep and cost millions of U.S dollars. Unfortunately, not all wells produce oil and gas. In order to obtain oil and gas located deep beneath the ocean floor, far out at sea, production platforms are built. One platform can enable approximately 10-20 wells to be drilled. If oil and gas is found, we utilize pipelines to transport it back to land. This provides many job opportunities both directly and indirectly. Labourers are needed to build platforms, operate machinery, and coordinate the transport of oil and gas back to land, transport workers via helicopter to platforms etc. These employment opportunities attract many citizens to areas such as San Fernando and Point Fortin. Many oil and petrochemical industries can be found along the west coast of Trinidad in areas such as Point Lisas, Point Fortin and Pointe a Pierre. In fact, Trinidad’s only oil refinery, managed by the Petroleum Company of Trinidad and Tobago (PETROTRIN) can be found in Pointe a Pierre. These industries also serve to attract a labour force to the area as they to provide a wide variety of employment opportunities. In order for us to benefit and gain revenue from our natural resources, oil is sold to countries around the world. Oil is a major export of Trinidad and Tobago and provides us with millions of dollars in foreign exchange each year. Trinidad and Tobago has many ports located in Port-of Spain, Point Lisas, Point-a-Pierre, Point Fortin, Galeota, Chaguaramus, Crown...

Bibliography: * The Caribbean Environment for CXC Geography by Mark Wilson
* Complete Geography Course for C.S.E.C- Vohn Rahill
* Longman Caribbean School Atlas-
* http://www.eia.gov/countries/country-data.cfm?fips=TD
* http://www.petrotrin.com/
* http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economy_of_Trinidad_and_Tobago
* http://www.energyguidett.com/O-P_oilgas.html
* http://www.energy.gov.tt/
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