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Odyssey and Student Answers

By purosmali Oct 12, 2013 2231 Words
Lesson Plan in World Literature
Simulated Demo for Language Curriculum for Secondary Students

I. Learning Objectives
At the end of discussion, the students are expected to:
a. Tell something about the prolific literature and the majestic civilization of Greece. b. Identify the elements of the short story entitled, “The Adventures of Odysseus”. c. Share personal experiences about an act of heroism as embodied by the character of Odysseus. d. Identify the functions of gerunds in a sentence

II. Subject Matter:
Literary Focus – “The Adventures of Odysseus”. Hamilton, Edith (an abridged short story from the original novel “The Odyssey” by Homer. Reference: Mythology – Timeless Tales of Gods and Heroes. Hamilton, Edith. pp. 211-229. Grand Central Publishing Language Focus – Gerunds and its functions in a sentence

Reference: Grammar for English Language Teachers with Exercises and a Key. Parrott, Martin. pp. 140-142. Cambridge University

PowerPoint Presentation

III. Procedure

Teacher’s Activity

“Benito, please lead the prayer”

“Good morning class!”

“How are you today? How was your past class? Did you learn something?


“Class, have you ever heard of this maxim? “There’s no place like home.”

“Have you ever experienced being far away from
home?” What did you feel?

“Yes, you all are right. Class, today, we are going to discuss a short story about a hero who has been away from his family and his experiences as he traveled homebound. It is entitled, “The Adventures of Odysseus” by Homer. Let’s unlock the vocabularies first.

“Class, I’ll read the word first and repeat it afterwards. I’ll use the words in a sentence and choose it’s synonym from the pool of words, okay?”


“Quaipo is swarmed with a lot of quack prophetess.” Who wants to answer?”

1. Prophetess (‘pra-fe-tes) – a female prophet

Can you use it in a sentence?

“Very good, thank you! The next word is “fleet”. Who wants to take it?

“Spanish fleets defeated the Cuban fleets as they battle on shore.”

2. Fleet (flit) – warship

Can you use it in a sentence?

“Good Job! Thank you! The next word is “sacked”. Who wants to answer?”

“The Philippines was eventually sacked by the Spaniards.

3. Sacked (saekt) – captured

Can you use it in a sentence?

“Brilliant answer! Thank you! How about this word “arrogance”. Who wants to take it?”

“His arrogance made him lose all his money.”

4. Arrogance (‘ae-ro-gence) – boastfulness

Can you use it in a sentence?

“Good! Thank you! And the last one, ‘voyage’. Who wants to answer?”

At last! I finally won a voyage to Singapore!

5. Voyage (vo-ij’) – journey / trip

“Can you use it in a sentence?”

“That’s very good!

“Class, let’s read the words for the day.”
1. Prophetess
2. Fleet
3. Sacked
4. Arrogance
5. Voyage


“Class, before discussing the story, I want to check if you’ve gone through it. Kindly get a quarter sheet of paper and number it 1-10.

1. Who told Trojans that the Greeks were inside the wooden horse? 2. How many years has Odysseus been away from home?
3. What was Odysseus’ disguise upon arriving in Ithaca?
4. Where did Odysseus traveled to look for Teiresias?
5. How many years did Odysseus fared in the sea?
6. What was Athena’s disguise when he talked to Telemachus at the sea? 7. Who were the allied gods of the Greeks? (2)
When did Odysseus sailed away from Calypso’s Island?
What was Penelope’s way to prolong the wait of her suitors?


1. Cassandra
2. 20 years
3. An seafarer
4. Erebus
5. 10 years
6. Mentor
7. Athena
8. Zeus
9. Fifth morning after Hermes’ visit
10. Weave and unweave the cloth she was doing.

“Pass your papers. At the count of 10 all papers must be in my hands now.”

Class, I am sure you are already familiar with the Greek Civilization. It is one of the pioneers that ruled the early civilization. Can you say something about the Ancient Greece?

“Yes, the Greek literature is one of the oldest yet popular literary resources that has ever made. It reflects the ingenuity and the creativity of the people during the ancient era. I am going to show a brief overview about Greek Lit.

“What can you say about the literature of Greece?”

“Very Good! Let’s discuss the life of the author.” Who would like to start?

Thank you! How about his education and works? Who wants to answer

Very Good! Thank you for your answers

Motive Questions:

1. Why did Zeus and Athena became angry with the Greeks?

2. What was Telemachus plan to get rid of her mother’s suitors?

3. What happened during the meeting of Telemachus and Menelaus?

4. What happened when finally Telemachus and Odysseus sat face to face?

During Reading

Let’s identify the elements of a short story. Let’s habve first the characters. Class, there are ways of describing the characters of a story. The first one is through his/her physical appearance –is the character fat, muscled, with green eyes, ebony hair. It can also be through what the character thinks and feels and what other characters tell. Who would like to describe the first two characters?

“Very Good! Thank you! How about the next 2 characters?

“Good Job! Thank you! Who would like to take the next two characters?

“Nice answer! Thank you! And the last two characters?”

“Yes! Thank you! And where did the story happen?”

“Good! Thank you! The story happened mainly at the sea and in Ithaca 10 years after the Trojan War.”

“Class, let’s talks about the plot. As you have observed, the story is about an adventure of Odysseus. He has gone through different places because of the Poseidon and Athena’s doing. I have here a map showing the trail Odysseus had passed before he eventually arrived in Ithaca. What we re going to do is group yourselves into four. I’ll be giving you the stations and tell about what Odysseus had experienced, okay?

“Let’s start, group 1?”

“Good, group 2?”

“Nice summary, group 3?”

“Very Nice, group 4?”

“Great job! Group 5?”

Very Good! Group 6?

“Great summary! And last but not the least, group 7?”

“Good narration guys!”


I. Greek fleet journeys back to Sparta. Athena gets angry because Ajax hurt Cassandra. Poseidon and Athena conjured to send big waves to sweep Greek fleet and destroy them. Ajax was killed. Menelaus has gone to Egypt and Odysseus was alive but wandered for 10 years. II. In Ithaca, Penelope is pursued by suitors across the land. She hated them and contrives a strategy to prolong their wait. Telemachus asked helped from Athena. Athena disguised as seafarer and told him to build a ship. He was jeered by the suitors and went to the sea and prayed again. This time Athena disguised as Mentor. They left at night and went to Nestor. III. They arrived at Nestor’s abode but he doesn’t know any news about Odysseus. He told them to go to Menelaus. They arrived at Sparta afterwards and attended a banquet. Menelaus told a story about Menelaus and Helen saw that Telemachus look like Odysseus. Telemachus asked Menelaus about his father. Menelaus told him that he was in Calypso’s Island. IV. Meanwhile, upon Zeus’ command to free Odysseus, Hermes told Calypso to build a ship and send him away. Odysseus sailed home but Poseidon saw him and he sent big waves. Odysseus woke up and saw that he was in an island. He saw women bathing and asked help to Nausicaa. She told him to go to his father alone and asked for help. There, he told his story about his journey.

V. His journey started from sailing 9 days in the sea and arrived at Lotus Eaters – Cyclops Polyphemus – Country of Winds (King Aeolus) – Country of Laestrygons – Aeaea (Circe’s lair) – Erebus (Persephone and Hades) – Sirens – Scylla and Charybdis – The Island of the Sun – Calypso’s Island – Country of Phaenicians

VI. Odysseus sailed home and successfully arrived at Ithaca. Athena talked to him and turned him as a poor man. Eumaea helped him went to his house. Telemachus headed home and went to Eumaea and saw his father. They went home and saw Penelope’s suitor. VII. Penelope told that if anyone sent straight the arrow from the holes of twelve rings. Odysseus shot the suitors and he all killed them. Penelope rejoined with Odysseus.

“Thank you! Very Good! Class, in short stories we have this element called “conflict”. A conflict is the opposition of forces which ties one incident to another and makes the plot move. We have three classifications. 1. Man to Man – where the main character is battling against another character. Protagonist vs. Antagonist 2. Man vs. Himself – where the main character is battling against an internal problem inside him. 3. Man vs. Nature – where the min character is battling against the forces of nature.

“Class, what do you think is the conflict of the story?”

“Very Good! Thank you! Class, the story has portrayed Odysseus as person who goes on amidst the trials. What do you think does the story tell us?

“Nice answer! Thank you! Who else wants to answer?

“Thank you! Good realization! Class, we have to remember that an act of heroism and a valiant soul will always prevail and conquer everything that hinders you to be successful. Do you have any experiences where someone or something has got you away from being successful?”

“Thank you for the sharing.” Class, the story of Odysseus is one of the greatest novels ever written in Greek Literature. It is a mythological story.”

Language Focus

Class for our language focus for today, we’re going to discuss gerunds. Gerunds are one of the three classifications under Verbals. Gerunds are verb forms that functions as nouns.

In forming the Gerund, you should always remember the formula:

main verb + ing

For example:

jouney+ ing = journeying
believe + ing = believing
destroy+ ing = destroying

Can you give me examples of gerunds?

Good, thank you!

Class, there are 5 functions of Gerunds in a sentence.

a. Subject – Gerunds functions as subject in the sentence.


Voyaging back home took Odysseus forever.

Caring for Odysseus is the passion of Calypso.

Talking to Teiresias warned Odysseus about the sacred oxen.

Can you give me an example?

Very good! Where is the gerund here? Okay, is it clear?

b. Direct Object – usually follows after the transitive verb and answers the question who? Or what?


Odysseus kept waiting for a sail homebound.

Telemachus cannot bear seeing her mother weep.

Poseidon detests looking for Athena.

Can you give me an example?

Nice sentence! Where is the gerund here? Okay, is it clear?

c. Subject Complement – usually follows after a linking verb/ verb auxiliary

Polyphemus’ revenge is prolonging the journey of Odysseus.

Circe’s evil magic is weakening the assembly of Odysseus.

Athena’s plan is helping Odysseus find a way.

Can you give me an example?

That’s a brilliant one! Where is the gerund here? Is it clear?

d. Object of the Preposition – usually follows after a preposition

Ino, the sea-goddess, succeeded in helping Odysseus.

By using his eternal prowess, Odysseus sent straight the arrows.

Athena encouraged Telemachus about voyaging.

Who wants to give an example?

Good! Thank you. Where is the gerund here? Is it clear?


Class, let us generalize. What are gerunds?

Good! Can you repeat that?

Good! How about the functions of gerunds?

Good! Class, bring out a quarter sheet of paper.
Students’ Activity

(Benito leads the prayer)

“Good morning Sir Aleluya, peace and all good!”

(Students answer)

(Students answer)

(Students answer)

“Yes, Sir”

(Students repeat)

(Students raise their hands.)
(Student answers)

(Student answers)

(Students repeat and raise their hands.)

(Student answers)

(Student answers)

(Students repeat and raise their hands)

(Student answers)

(Student answers)

(Students repeat and raise their hands)

(Student answers)

(Student answers)

(Students repeat and raise their hands)

(Student answers)

(Student answers)

(Students read)

(Students pass and check their papers)

(Students listen)

(Students listen)

(Students raise their hands and answer)

(Student 1 answer)

(Student 2 answer)

(Student answers)

(Student answers)

(Student answers)

(Student answers)

(Student answers)

(Student answers)

(Student answers)

(Student answers)

(Student answers)

(Student listens)

(Students listen)

“Yes, Sir”
(Students group themselves)
(Group 1 tells their summary)

(Group 2 narrates the events)

(Group 3 narrates the events)

(Group 4 tells the events)

(Group 5 summarizes the events)

(Group 6 narrates the events)

(Group 7 concludes the story)

(Student listens)

(Student answers)

(Students listen)

(Students raise their hands)
(Student answers)

(Student answers)

(Students listen)

(Students listen)

(Students give examples)

(Students listen)

(Student answers)

(Student answers)

(Students listen)

(Students give examples)

(Student answers)

(Students listen)

(Students answer)

(Students answer)

(Students listen)

(Students give examples)

(Student points the gerund)

(Student answers)

(Student repeats it)

(Students answer)

IV. Evaluation
Directions: Underline the gerund word and identify its function in the sentence (2pts each item).

1. Athena hated seeing Telemachus cry out of loneliness.Direct Object 2. Calypso’s love for Odysseus was preventing her to set him free.Subject Complement 3. Penelope missed spending her day with Odysseus.Direct Object 4. Longing was Odysseus’ hardest trial.Subject

5. Nausicaa finds happiness in doing the laundry.Ob of the Preposition 6. Odysseus’ journey involves fighting a lot of monsters.Direct Object 7. Menelaus kept narrating about the war.Direct Object

8. In keeping with his tradition, Telemachus honored Menelaus.Ob of the Preposition 9. Penelope’s suitors were jeering Telemechus.Subject Complement 10. Crying was the only resort of Odysseus to ease his pain.Subject

V. Assignment
Write 3-paragraph essay about your planned career in life. Use gerunds and underline them. (10 pts) Comments and Evaluation:

Prepared by:
Denmark D. Aleluya
BSEd – English III

Cite This Document

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